Julien A Roux

Learn More
Physiological regulations of energy balance and body weight imply highly adaptive mechanisms which match caloric intake to caloric expenditure. In the central nervous system, the regulation of appetite relies on complex neurocircuitry which disturbance may alter energy balance and result in anorexia or obesity. Deoxynivalenol (DON), a trichothecene, is one(More)
Deoxynivalenol (DON), one of the most abundant trichothecenes found on cereals, has been implicated in mycotoxicoses in both humans and farm animals. Low-dose toxicity is characterized by reduced weight gain, diminished nutritional efficiency, and immunologic effects. The levels and patterns of human food commodity contamination justify that DON consumption(More)
Deoxynivalenol (DON), mainly produced by Fusarium fungi, and also commonly called vomitoxin, is a trichothecene mycotoxin. It is one of the most abundant trichothecenes which contaminate cereals consumed by farm animals and humans. The extent of cereal contamination is strongly associated with rainfall and moisture at the time of flowering and with grain(More)
It has been shown that the neurotropin brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and its high-affinity receptor, tropomyosin-related kinase receptor type B (TrkB), contribute to the central control of food intake. BDNF has previously been implicated as a probable downstream effector of melanocortinergic signaling within the ventromedial hypothalamus, and we(More)
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) represents a significant global epidemic with more than 285 million people affected worldwide. Regulating glycemia in T2D patients can be partially achieved with currently available treatment, but intensive research during the last decades have led to the discovery of modified compounds or new targets that could represent great hope(More)
Numerous studies, focused on the hypothalamus, have recently implicated endocannabinoids (EC) as orexigenic factors in the central control of food intake. However, the EC system is also highly expressed in the hindbrain autonomic integrator of food intake regulation, i.e. the dorsal vagal complex (DVC). Previous studies have shown that exogenous(More)
Obesity is one of the most important and disturbing global epidemic that affects humans, with more than 2 billion people overweight and 700 million obese predicted for 2015 by the World Health Organization. Obesity treatment represents then one of the most exciting challenges for the academic researchers and the pharmaceutical industry. But to date, this(More)
OBJECTIVE The study was designed to determine metformin effects on meal pattern, gastric emptying, energy expenditure, and to identify metformin-sensitive neurons and their phenotype. METHODS This study was performed on C57BL/6J and obese/diabetic (db/db) mice. Metformin (300 mg/kg) was administered by oral gavage. Food intake, meal pattern, oxygen(More)
  • 1