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In 1974 Wood proposed a hybrid serial-parallel model to account for the within-stimulus interactions between the acoustic cue of "pitch" and the phonetic cure of "place." Three of the five experiments in this paper replicate the Wood findings with analogous, clearly nonphonetic stimuli and thus refute Wood's implicit assumption of the involvement of any(More)
The role of stimulus uncertainty in backward masking was investigated using a Monaural Detection with Contralateral Cueing (MDCC) paradigm. Cues temporally synchronous with and phase locked to the signal (20-ms segment of 500-Hz sinusoid) reduced backward masking, with the amount of reduction being independent of the phase relationship between the cue and(More)
Two-channel auditory signal detection was investigated with 50-msec sinusoidal signals masked by binaurally uncorrelated noise. In the two-channel tasks, the signals in each earphone channel were presented with an independent probability during the single observation interval and the observers were required to detect the inputs in a single earphone(More)
In this study, to model 3D chemotactic tumor-stroma invasion in vitro, we developed an innovative microfluidic chip allowing side-by-side positioning of 3D hydrogel-based matrices. We were able to (1) create a dual matrix architecture that extended in a continuous manner, thus allowing invasion from one 3D matrix to another, and (2) establish distinct(More)
Small-scale, instructional shake tables, such as the UCIST shake table, are used at many colleges and universities to provide educational and research experiences in seismic behavior of structural systems. This paper describes the development of a physical model and associated educational materials that demonstrate the seismic behavior of shear walls used(More)
Complex reaction time (RT) was measured for a task in which a discriminative auditory cue designated whether the right or left hand was to be used in responding. Facilitation of monaural RT compared to binaural RT occurred on trials in which both (1) the ear stimulated corresponded to the hand specified for response and (2) each of 20 male college students(More)
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