Julie Williams

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We undertook a two-stage genome-wide association study (GWAS) of Alzheimer's disease (AD) involving over 16,000 individuals, the most powerful AD GWAS to date. In stage 1 (3,941 cases and 7,848 controls), we replicated the established association with the apolipoprotein E (APOE) locus (most significant SNP, rs2075650, P = 1.8 x 10(-157)) and observed(More)
BACKGROUND Homozygous loss-of-function mutations in TREM2, encoding the triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 2 protein, have previously been associated with an autosomal recessive form of early-onset dementia. METHODS We used genome, exome, and Sanger sequencing to analyze the genetic variability in TREM2 in a series of 1092 patients with(More)
We sought to identify new susceptibility loci for Alzheimer's disease through a staged association study (GERAD+) and by testing suggestive loci reported by the Alzheimer's Disease Genetic Consortium (ADGC) in a companion paper. We undertook a combined analysis of four genome-wide association datasets (stage 1) and identified ten newly associated variants(More)
Linkage between developmental dyslexia (DD) and chromosome 6p has been replicated in a number of independent samples. Recent attempts to identify the gene responsible for the linkage have produced inconsistent evidence for association of DD with a number of genes in a 575-kb region of chromosome 6p22.2, including VMP, DCDC2, KIAA0319, TTRAP, and THEM2. We(More)
CONTEXT Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have recently identified CLU, PICALM, and CR1 as novel genes for late-onset Alzheimer disease (AD). OBJECTIVES To identify and strengthen additional loci associated with AD and confirm these in an independent sample and to examine the contribution of recently identified genes to AD risk prediction in a(More)
To facilitate the genetic study of sleep, we documented that rest behavior in Drosophila melanogaster is a sleep-like state. The animals choose a preferred location, become immobile for periods of up to 157 min at a particular time in the circadian day, and are relatively unresponsive to sensory stimuli. Rest is affected by both homeostatic and circadian(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with risk and age at onset of Alzheimer disease (AD) in a genomewide association study of 469 438 SNPs. DESIGN Case-control study with replication. SETTING Memory referral clinics in Canada and the United Kingdom. PARTICIPANTS The hypothesis-generating data set consisted of 753(More)
This study sets out to identify novel susceptibility genes for late-onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD) in a powerful set of samples from the UK and USA (1808 LOAD cases and 2062 controls). Allele frequencies of 17 343 gene-based putative functional single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were tested for association with LOAD in a discovery case-control sample(More)
BACKGROUND Recovery of motor function after stroke may depend on a balance of activity in the neural network involving the affected and the unaffected motor cortices. OBJECTIVE To assess whether transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) can increase the training-induced recovery of motor functions. METHODS In an exploratory study, 14 patients with(More)
The numbers and positions of cells undergoing cell death and proliferation in the neuromasts of 10 day old zebrafish larvae were assessed to investigate the ability of supporting cells to differentiate into hair cells. Evaluations of cell death and proliferation showed that a subpopulation of cells located in the centre of the neuromast undergo cell death,(More)