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Endogenous opioid peptides have been implicated in the pathophysiology of shock (1-5). In anaesthetised mongrel dogs, administration of E coli endotoxin caused a rise in plasma met-enkephalin-like immunoreactivity (MLI). Biochemical characterisation of MLI by gel filtration chromatography revealed various molecular forms: 31K, 8K, 3-5K and the native(More)
Foam separation is known to have potential for separation of biological molecules with a range of surface activities. A statistical study (factorial design) was carried out to establish the optimum operating conditions for the continuous foam separation of beta-casein. Maximum values of enrichment of beta-casein into the foam phase were found for low levels(More)
Inhalation of ovalbumin by conscious, sensitized guinea pigs induced two phases of airway obstruction measured at 2 h (EAR) and at 17 h (LAR), respectively. In addition to causing airway obstruction, allergen challenge induced an accumulation in the bronchial lumen of eosinophil and neutrophil polymorphonuclear leukocytes at 17 h. Intraperitoneal injection(More)
The kinetics and phenotype of T lymphocytes infiltrating the airways of guinea pigs undergoing late-phase asthmatic reactions (LAR) were studied with monoclonal antibodies, cytofluorimetry, and immunocytochemistry. Challenge of sensitized animals with aerosolized ovalbumin was followed by early (2 h) and late-phase (17 h) bronchoconstriction. The induction(More)
Prostaglandin (PG) D2, the predominant prostanoid released from activated mast cells in humans is initially metabolized by reduction of the C-11 keto function to yield 9 alpha,11 beta-PGF2. In this study the airways effects of 9 alpha,11 beta-PGF2 were compared with those of its epimer 9 alpha,11 alpha-PGF2 (PGF2 alpha) and PGD2. 9 alpha,11 beta-PGF2 was a(More)
Animal cells are cultured in several types of vessels at laboratory and industrial scale the most common being the stirred tank and the air-lift. Economically, it is preferable to culture animal cells at the largest possible scale but the perceived sensitivity of animal cells to hydrodynamic shear has, until now, limited the aeration and agitation rates(More)
The authors previously demonstrated in dogs that a bolus dose of sodium thiosulfate maintained enhanced cyanide metabolism throughout a 1-h infusion of sodium nitroprusside (SNP). To further test this antidotal action, a bolus dose of thiosulfate (150 mg . kg-1) was given to eight dogs at the end of a 60-min near-lethal infusion of nitroprusside (3 mg .(More)
A new canine model of endotoxin shock has been developed in which spontaneous recovery of cardiovascular function is largely prevented, the haemodynamic effects of anaesthesia are minimized and intravascular volume replacement is given. This model has been evaluated using two groups of five adult mongrel dogs anaesthetized with alpha-chloralose and(More)
In this study we investigated the effect of the selective and potent thromboxane A2 (TxA2) receptor antagonist GR32191 on smooth muscle contraction induced by the TxA2 analogue U46619, prostaglandin (PG) D2, PGF2 alpha, and methacholine (MCh) in guinea pig airways in vitro and the airways response provoked by inhaled PGD2 and MCh in asthmatic subjects in(More)
It has been widely reported that metabolism, cell growth, cell density, product secretion and specific antibody productivity in mammalian cells are strongly affected by osmotic conditions. Previous studies have shown that hyperosmotic pressure suppresses cell growth while enhancing the productivity of individual cells, but the effect of these two changes(More)