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A key task in conducting research integration studies is determining what features to account for in the research reports eligible for inclusion. In the course of a methodological project, the authors found a remarkable uniformity in the way findings were produced and presented, no matter what the stated or implied frame of reference or method. They(More)
Qualitative studies of people living with HIV infection are crucial for providing direction for practice and research because they provide the emic perspective. As more of these qualitative studies are conducted, researchers are challenged to develop ways to synthesize the findings for research and clinical practice. The purpose of the metasynthesis(More)
PURPOSE To present a metasynthesis of qualitative findings on stigma in HIV-positive women. METHOD Metasummary and metasynthesis techniques were used to integrate findings on stigma in 93 reports of qualitative studies conducted between 1991 and 2002 with a total of 1,780 women, mostly from minority groups. FINDINGS Both perceived and enacted stigma(More)
In this article, the authors hope to shift the debate in the practice disciplines concerning quality in qualitative research from a preoccupation with epistemic criteria toward consideration of aesthetic and rhetorical concerns. They see epistemic criteria as inevitably including aesthetic and rhetorical concerns. The authors argue here for a(More)
The aim of this study was to compare outcomes (self-esteem, coping self-efficacy, and internalized stigma) across time in HIV-infected women living in the Deep South who received a stigma reduction intervention (n=51) with those of a control group (n=49) who received the usual care at baseline, and at 30 and 90 days. We recruited 99 women from clinics and(More)
  • J Barroso
  • 1999
Fatigue is often cited by clinicians as a debilitating symptom suffered by the many who are infected with HIV. This article provides a review of HIV-related fatigue, including research on possible physiological causes such as anemia, CD4 count, impaired liver function, impaired thyroid function, and cortisol abnormalities. Psychological causes of fatigue,(More)
One in 139 women will be diagnosed with HIV in their lifetime. Thirty-four years into the epidemic, stigma remains part of the trajectory of the disease process for all individuals with HIV. Stigma associated with HIV makes it difficult for women to access HIV testing and counseling, disclose HIV status to sexual partners and health care providers, seek and(More)
HIV-related fatigue is a prevalent and troubling symptom for HIV-positive people. The purpose of the study was to develop a model for predicting fatigue and depression among HIV-positive gay men as a function of history of fatigue and depression in the previous year and to determine whether psychological and psychosocial variables or physiologic variables(More)
PURPOSE To describe the challenges of finding the findings in qualitative studies. METHOD Review of literature on representation in qualitative research and analysis of 99 reports of qualitative studies of women with HIV infection. FINDINGS Factors complicating finding the findings in qualitative studies include varied reporting styles,(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic hepatitis C (CHC) is the most common blood-borne infection in the United States, but little is known about illness uncertainty in these patients. OBJECTIVE The authors examined the constructs of illness uncertainty. METHOD In this cross-sectional study, Mishel's Uncertainty in Illness Scale was used to examine these constructs(More)