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Ralstonia solanacearum, a widely distributed and economically important plant pathogen, invades the roots of diverse plant hosts from the soil and aggressively colonizes the xylem vessels, causing a lethal wilting known as bacterial wilt disease. By examining bacteria from the xylem vessels of infected plants, we found that R. solanacearum is essentially(More)
ABSTRACT Southern wilt of geraniums (Pelargonium hortorum), caused by the soilborne bacterium Ralstonia solanacearum race 3 biovar 2 (R3bv2), has inflicted significant economic losses when geranium cuttings latently infected with this quarantine pest were imported into the United States. Little is known about the interaction between R. solanacearum and this(More)
The phytopathogenic bacterium Ralstonia solanacearum requires motility for full virulence, and its flagellin is a candidate pathogen-associated molecular pattern that may elicit plant defenses. Boiled extracts from R. solanacearum contained a strong elicitor of defense-associated responses. However, R. solanacearum flagellin is not this elicitor, because(More)
Abstract A gene resembling enterobacterial ampD was identified in the bacterial wilt pathogen, Ralstonia solanacearum. The gene lies 13 bp 3' of pehSR, a two-component positive regulator of virulence factors such as plant cell wall-degrading polygalacturonases and bacterial motility. AmpD, an N-acetylmuramyl-l-alanine amidase, degrades and recycles(More)
Swimming motility allows the bacterial wilt pathogen Ralstonia solanacearum to efficiently invade and colonize host plants. However, the bacteria are essentially nonmotile once inside plant xylem vessels. To determine how and when motility genes are expressed, we cloned and mutated flhDC, which encodes a major regulator of flagellar biosynthesis and(More)
OBJECTIVES We explored sharing nucleic acid amplification testing (NAAT) for detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC) and molecular and phenotypic drug susceptibility testing between two state public health tuberculosis (TB) laboratories, and evaluated turnaround times and cost-effectiveness. METHODS From September 1, 2012, to May 30, 2013,(More)
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