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It is anticipated that stem cell (SC) therapy will enable the regeneration of diseased tissues and organs. Understanding SC niches is an essential step toward realizing this goal. By virtue of its optical transparency and physical separation of SC and transient amplifying cell compartments, the human cornea provides a unique opportunity to visualize and(More)
BACKGROUND Oral mucosal wounds are characterized by rapid re-epithelialization and remodelling. In vitro, oral mucosal fibroblasts exhibit a fetal phenotype with increased extracellular matrix reorganizational ability, migration and experimental wound repopulation when compared with skin fibroblasts. OBJECTIVES To investigate whether phenotypic(More)
Ex vivo cultured limbal epithelial stem cells have been used successfully to treat corneal limbal stem cell deficiency. We identified 17 reports of the application of this novel cell-based therapy in humans. In addition we identified four reports of the use of culture oral mucosal epithelial cells to treat limbal stem cell deficiency. We examined these(More)
Reconstruction of the conjunctiva is an essential part of ocular surface regeneration, especially if an extensive area or the whole ocular surface is affected, such as in patients with ocular cicatricial pemphigoid, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis, or chemical/thermal burns. In these situations, corneal reconstruction almost inevitably(More)
  • C. Foster, D. L. Costill, J. T. Daniels, W. J. Fink
  • 1978
Muscle biopsy samples were obtained from the gastrocnemius of 26 well-trained runners of widely varying ability. Portions of the sample were analyzed for succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) activity and for muscle fiber composition. $$\dot V$$ O2 max was determined during uphill treadmill running. Mean values for muscle SDH activity (14.6 U/g), fiber composition(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Autologous serum drops have been reported to be beneficial in keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS) and persistent epithelial defects (PED). A clinical pilot study was carried out to examine these potential uses and in vitro toxicity testing on corneal epithelial cell cultures was performed to compare the effect of serum drops with unpreserved(More)
Glial Müller cells are known to undergo functional and morphological changes during retinal proliferative disorders, but very little is known of the contribution of these cells to extracellular matrix deposition during retinal wound healing and gliosis. This study constitutes the first demonstration that retinal Müller cells express two major matrix(More)
The cornea provides the eye with protection and the refractive properties essential for visual acuity. The transparent epithelium is highly specialized with basal and stratified squamous cells that are renewed throughout life from a stem cell population. The stem cells are thought to reside at the corneal limbus and may be maintained by a variety of(More)
Our window to the world is provided by the cornea on the front surface of the eye. The integrity and functionality of the outermost corneal epithelium is essential for vision. A population of limbal epithelial stem cells (LESCs) are responsible for maintaining the epithelium throughout life by providing a constant supply of daughter cells that replenish(More)
METHODS. An in vitro three-dimensional contraction model of human corneal-fibroblast–seeded collagen lattices (FSCLs) in the presence of mechanical stress generated by attaching the lattices to the culture well was used to measure FSCL contraction. FSCLs were treated with CTGF; TGF1; serum-free (SF) control medium; or TGF1 plus antisense(More)