Learn More
Recombinant human interferon-gamma (rhIFN-gamma) decreases the frequency of serious infections in patients with chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) through an unknown mechanism. To test the hypothesis that it exerts a beneficial effect by enhancing clearance of microbes from the bloodstream and tissues, normal human subjects were treated in vivo with(More)
Gp91-phox is an integral component of the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase complex that generates reactive oxygen species (ROS) in activated circulating phagocytes. The authors previously demonstrated that gp91-phox knockout (KO) mice show significant protection from neuronal injury after cerebral ischemia--reperfusion injury,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Free radicals account for a significant proportion of the brain damage that occurs during ischemic stroke. Using mutant mice (X-CGD) with a dysfunctional phagocytic NADPH oxidase, we investigated the role of this superoxide-generating enzyme as a mediator of the reperfusion injury in a mouse model of middle cerebral artery occlusion.(More)
Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a hereditary disorder of host defense due to absent or decreased activity of phagocyte NADPH oxidase. The X-linked form of the disease derives from defects in the CYBB gene, which encodes the 91-kD glycoprotein component (termed "gp91-phox") of the oxidase. We have identified the mutations in the CYBB gene responsible(More)
Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is an inherited disorder of phagocyte function in which defective superoxide production results in deficient microbicidal activity. CGD patients suffer from recurrent, life-threatening infections, and nearly half develop chronic gastrointestinal (GI) complications (colitis, gastric outlet obstruction, or perirectal(More)
Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a primary immunodeficiency caused by defects in any one of 4 genes encoding phagocyte NADPH oxidase subunits. Unlike other CGD subtypes, in which there is great heterogeneity among mutations, 97% of affected alleles in patients previously reported with A47(0) CGD carry a single mutation, a GT deletion (DeltaGT) in exon(More)
Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is an inherited disease caused by defects in the superoxide-generating nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase of phagocytes. Genetic lesions in any of 4 components of this antimicrobial enzyme have been detected. Family-specific mutations are found in 3 of 4 forms of CGD due to deficiencies of the(More)
Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a primary immunodeficiency of defective neutrophil oxidative burst activity due to mutations in the genes CYBA, NCF-1, NCF-2, and CYBB, which respectively encode the p22-phox, p47-phox, p67-phox, and gp91-phox subunits. CGD usually presents in early childhood with recurrent or severe infection with catalase-positive(More)
Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a rare inherited immunodeficiency disease that leads to severe recurrent infections. CGD is caused by defects in the phagocyte NADPH oxidase, a multiprotein enzyme that reduces oxygen to superoxide, a precursor of microbicidal oxidants. Less than 6% of CGD patients have an autosomal recessive form of the disease caused(More)