Julie R. Graham

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Phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase/Akt signaling plays a critical role in cell proliferation and survival, partly by regulation of FoxO transcription factors. Previous work using global expression profiling indicated that inhibition of PI 3-kinase in proliferating cells led to induction of genes that promote cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. The upstream(More)
The death domain of the type 1 tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR1) mediates interactions with several proteins involved in signaling the downstream effects of TNF. We have used the yeast interaction trap to isolate a protein, MADD, that associates with the death domain of TNFR1 through its own C-terminal death domain. MADD interacts with TNFR1 residues(More)
GSK-3 is active in the absence of growth factor stimulation and generally acts to induce apoptosis or inhibit cell proliferation. We previously identified a subset of growth factor-inducible genes that can also be induced in quiescent T98G cells solely by inhibition of GSK-3 in the absence of growth factor stimulation. Computational predictions verified by(More)
Glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) plays a central role in cell survival and proliferation, in part by the regulation of transcription. Unlike most protein kinases, GSK-3 is active in quiescent cells in the absence of growth factor signaling. In a recent series of studies, we employed a systems-level approach to understanding the transcription network(More)
Fibrosis is a chronic disease characterized by an excessive deposition of scar tissue in the affected organs. A central mediator of this process is transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), which stimulates the production of extracellular matrix proteins such as collagens. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been implicated in both fibrosis as well as in TGF-β signaling,(More)
Control of gene expression by the phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase/Akt pathway plays an important role in mammalian cell proliferation and survival, and numerous transcription factors and genes regulated by PI 3-kinase signaling have been identified. Because steady-state levels of mRNA are regulated by degradation as well as transcription, we have(More)
HTRA1 is a member of the High Temperature Requirement (HTRA1) family of serine proteases, which play a role in several biological and pathological processes. In part, HTRA1 regulation occurs by inhibiting the TGF-β signaling pathway, however the mechanism of inhibition has not been fully defined. Previous studies have shown that HTRA1 is expressed in a(More)
BACKGROUND The protein kinase GSK-3 is constitutively active in quiescent cells in the absence of growth factor signaling. Previously, we identified a set of genes that required GSK-3 to maintain their repression during quiescence. Computational analysis of the upstream sequences of these genes predicted transcription factor binding sites for CREB, NFκB and(More)
Phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase is activated by a variety of growth factor receptors and the PI 3-kinase/Akt signaling pathway is a key regulator of cell proliferation and survival. The downstream targets of PI 3-kinase/Akt signaling include direct regulators of cell cycle progression and apoptosis as well as a number of transcription factors. Growth(More)
Transcription factor LSF is essential for cell cycle progression, being required for activating expression of the thymidylate synthase (Tyms) gene at the G1/S transition. We previously established that phosphorylation of LSF in early G1 at Ser-291 and Ser-309 inhibits its transcriptional activity and that dephosphorylation later in G1 is required for its(More)