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Many older homes are equipped with mercury-containing gas regulators that reduce the pressure of natural gas in the mains to the low pressure used in home gas piping. Removal of these regulators can result in elemental mercury spills inside the home. In the summer of 2000, mercury spills were discovered in the basements of several Chicago-area homes after(More)
BACKGROUND Asthma mortality rates in Chicago are among the highest in the United States, with substantially greater rates in poor and minority populations. How much of the differential can be attributed to differences in prevalence versus severity or access to care has not been determined. OBJECTIVE To examine rates of asthma prevalence, severity, and(More)
Recent studies suggest that psychosocial factors may contribute to asthma. We examined associations of stressful life events with asthma prevalence and morbidity among Chicago adolescents. Self-reported asthma, measures of asthma morbidity, and 15 life events were collected from 2026 seventh to ninth grade students from 34 Chicago Catholic schools as part(More)
Asthma morbidity and mortality are disproportionately high in low-income minority populations. Variations in environmental exposures, stress, and access to appropriate health care all contribute to these disparities. The complex nature of asthma with strong contributions from environmental, psychosocial, and biological factors suggest that community-based(More)
The most effective means of educating children with asthma and their families has not been clearly demonstrated in previous studies. Peer education is uniquely suited to the complex problems encountered in underserved populations. The purpose of this study was to show the feasibility of delivering a peer education program for children with asthma and the(More)
BACKGROUND Asthma prevalence has doubled in developed countries during the past 30 years. Pre- and perinatal events are essential in shaping the development of the immune system and systemic antibiotic use during this time could alter the maternal or placental microbiome, leading to an increase in the child's risk of developing asthma. OBJECTIVE To(More)
BACKGROUND Asthma mortality rates in poor communities of Chicago are among the highest in the country. Possible explanations include increased asthma prevalence, increased severity, and suboptimal health care. OBJECTIVE To estimate the prevalence of asthma and asthma-related symptoms among inner-city kindergarten children, and to characterize their burden(More)
A mortality study of workers employed between 1944 and 1977 at an electrical capacitor manufacturing plant where polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), chlorinated naphthalenes, and other chemicals were used was undertaken. Age, gender, and calendar year-adjusted standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) were calculated for 2885 white workers. Total mortality and(More)
BACKGROUND Prevalence of asthma in developed countries increased between the 1970s and the 1990s. One factor that might contribute to the trends in asthma is the increased use of acetaminophen vs aspirin in children and pregnant women. OBJECTIVE To examine relationships between in utero exposure to acetaminophen and incidence of respiratory symptoms in(More)
OBJECTIVES Changes in breast and gastric cancers and coronary artery disease among people of Polish descent after migration to the United States suggest there may be potentially modifiable factors affecting incidence of these diseases. We examined relationships of dietary factors associated with these diseases with stage of migration among Polish women in(More)