Julie O’Neal

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BACKGROUND Unlike glycolytic enzymes that directly catabolize glucose to pyruvate, the family of 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatases (PFKFBs) control the conversion of fructose-6-phosphate to and from fructose-2,6-bisphosphate, a key regulator of the glycolytic enzyme phosphofructokinase-1 (PFK-1). One family member, PFKFB3, has been shown(More)
The gene encoding the receptor for macrophage colony-stimulating factor (CSF-1R) is expressed exclusively in cells of the myeloid lineages as well as trophoblasts. A conserved element in the second intron, Fms-Intronic Regulatory Element (FIRE), is essential for macrophage-specific transcription of the gene. However, the molecular details of how FIRE(More)
Monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) is the requisite precursor to multiple myeloma (MM), a malignancy of antibody-producing plasma B-cells. The genetic basis of MGUS and its progression to MM remains poorly understood. C57BL/KaLwRij (KaLwRij) is a spontaneously-derived inbred mouse strain with a high frequency of benign idiopathic(More)
Human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2) has been implicated in the progression of multiple tumor types, including breast cancer, and many downstream effectors of HER2 signaling are primary regulators of cellular metabolism, including Ras and Akt. A key downstream metabolic target of Ras and Akt is the(More)
Background In human cancers, loss of PTEN, stabilization of hypoxia inducible factor-1a, and activation of Ras and AKT converge to increase the activity of a regulator of glycolysis, 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase (PFKFB3). This enzyme synthesizes fructose-2,6-bisphosphate (F2,6BP), which is an activator of 6-phosphofructo1-kinase, a(More)
Background Glucose starvation, as occurs in neoplastic tumors, causes G1 arrest and/or apoptosis. Although the mechanisms for these events are poorly understood, reductions in nucleotide synthesis and ATP are widely believed to restrict progression into the S phase and cause apoptosis, respectively. Recently, a side product of glycolysis and stimulator of(More)
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