Julie M. Sykes

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This study systematically examines the strength of the connection between synchronous CMC and pragmatic instruction by measuring the effects of three types of synchronous group discussion (written chat [WC], oral chat [OC], and traditional face-to-face [FF] discussion) on the acquisition of the speech act (refusals of an invitation) in the target language.(More)
In light of the increasingly blurred line between mediated and nonmediated contexts for social, professional, and educational purposes, attention to the presence and use of innovative digital media is critical to the consideration of the future of computer-assisted language learning (CALL). This article reviews current trends in the use of mediated(More)
Federal legislation (White House Executive Order 13166, 2000) mandates that language services be provided to limited English proficient populations by health care providers receiving federal funding. In order to do this, some basic resources have been developed to administer medical services. Nevertheless, the translation aspects of these guidelines often(More)
  • Barbara A. Lafford, Peter A. Lafford, BARBARA A. LAFFORD, PETER A. LAFFORD, JULIE SYKES
  • 2007
Despite the problems presented by lexical errors in second language (L2) communication, most computer assisted language learning (CALL) programs tend to focus on the acquisition of grammar points rather than on the development of the L2 lexicon. In addition, CALL vocabulary tasks are typically limited in scope and mechanical in nature, covering mostly basic(More)
This book is a collective endeavor of exploring the role of technology in interlanguage pragmatics (ILP) research, instruction, and assessment. It starts with an introduction (Chapter 1) and ends with a commentary and a prologue, both of which envision future directions of using technology in the field of ILP. The included studies are divided into two(More)
1. A coupled transcription and translation system is described in which protein synthesis is directed by mRNA synthesised in situ by vaccinia virus cores. The cell-free system is based on a micrococcal-nuclease-treated reticulocyte lysate. 2. The polypeptides made in vitro include many authentic early vaccinia proteins, but also other proteins which were(More)
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