Julie M. Roda

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Macrophages contribute to tumor growth through the secretion of the proangiogenic molecule vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). We previously observed that monocytes treated with the cytokine granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) produce a soluble form of the VEGF receptor-1 (sVEGFR-1), which neutralizes VEGF biologic activity. The(More)
PURPOSE Natural killer (NK) cells express an activating Fc receptor (FcgammaRIIIa) that mediates antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) and production of immune modulatory cytokines in response to antibody-coated targets. Cetuximab is a therapeutic monoclonal antibody directed against the HER1 antigen. We hypothesized that the NK cell response to(More)
Bacterial DNA contains a high frequency of unmethylated CpG motifs that stimulate immune cells via TLR9. NK cells express a low-affinity activating receptor for the Fc portion of IgG (FcgammaRIIIa), but were not thought to express TLR9 protein. The direct response of NK cells to CpG oligodeoxynucleotides (ODN) in the presence of FcR stimulation was(More)
NK cells express an activating FcR (FcgammaRIIIa) that mediates Ab-dependent cellular cytotoxicity and the production of immune modulatory cytokines in response to Ab-coated targets. IL-21 has antitumor activity in murine models that depends in part on its ability to promote NK cell cytotoxicity and IFN-gamma secretion. We hypothesized that the NK cell(More)
The antitumor effects of therapeutic mAbs may depend on immune effector cells that express FcRs for IgG. IL-12 is a cytokine that stimulates IFN-γ production from NK cells and T cells. We hypothesized that coadministration of IL-12 with a murine anti-HER2/neu mAb (4D5) would enhance the FcR-dependent immune mechanisms that contribute to its antitumor(More)
Interleukin-21 (IL-21) is a recently identified gamma-chain receptor cytokine family member that promotes B-cell apoptosis as well as activation of innate immune system. Based on this, we hypothesized that IL-21 might enhance the apoptosis induced by fludarabine and rituximab and also play a role in augmenting immune-mediated clearance of the chronic(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells express an activating receptor for the Fc portion of IgG (Fc RIIIa) that mediates interferon (IFN)– production in response to antibody (Ab)– coated targets. We have previously demonstrated that NK cells activated with interleukin-12 (IL-12) in the presence of immobilized IgG secrete 10-fold or more higher levels of IFNas compared(More)
Trastuzumab mediates the lysis of HER2-expressing breast cancer cell lines by interleukin-2 (IL-2) primed natural killer (NK) cells. We hypothesized that IL-2 would augment the anti-tumor effects of trastuzumab in MBC in patients who had progressed on or within 12 months of receiving a trastuzumab-containing regimen. Secondary objectives were to measure(More)
In the current report, we have examined the ability of natural killer (NK) cells to produce T cell-recruiting chemokines following dual stimulation with interleukin (IL)-2 or IL-12 and human breast cancer cells coated with an antitumor antibody (trastuzumab). NK cells stimulated in this manner secreted an array of T cell-recruiting chemotactic factors,(More)