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Incubation temperature affects developmental rates and defines many phenotypes and fitness characteristics of reptilian embryos. In turtles, eggs are deposited in layers within the nest, such that thermal gradients create independent developmental conditions for each egg. Despite differences in developmental rate, several studies have revealed unexpected(More)
This paper describes the initial appearance and distribution of mature T and B cells in the developing immune tissues of the stripe-faced dunnart (Sminthopsis macroura) based on the use of species cross-reactive antibodies to the lymphocyte cell surface markers CD3, CD5 and CD79b. At birth no mature T or B cells were detected in the liver or bone marrow(More)
The lymphoid tissues of the metatherian mammal, the adult tammar wallaby, Macropus eugenii, were investigated using immunohistochemical techniques. Five cross-reactive antibodies previously shown to recognize surface markers in marsupial tissues and five previously untested antibodies were used. The distribution of T-cells in the tissue beds of spleen,(More)
This is the first published description of the lymphoid and immunohaematopoietic tissues of an Australian polyprotodont, the stripe-faced dunnart, Sminthopsis macroura and the first account of bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue (BALT) in a metatherian. Histologically, the tissue beds are similar in appearance to those reported in other adult eutherian and(More)
Current knowledge of the development of the marsupial immune system, particularly in the context of lymphoid tissue development and the appearance of lymphocytes, has been examined and limitations identified. While primary lymphoid tissues like the thymus have been extensively studied, secondary lymphoid tissues such as the spleen and lymph nodes have been(More)
Tasmanian devils are the largest extant marsupial carnivores, confined to the Australian island state of Tasmania. The iconic marsupial has dramatically declined in number since the discovery of devil facial tumor disease in 1996 and efforts are being made to uncover vital information to assist in the long-term survival of the species. Ticks are the main(More)
Haematological and serum biochemical data have been collected from a total of 19 captive-bred Australian native murids (Plains rat, Spinifex hopping-mouse and Central rock-rat). These animals were maintained in a captive population at Alice Springs Desert Park (NT, Australia) and are all central desert inhabitants of Australia. They are currently listed as(More)
Haematology and serum biochemistry was analysed on samples collected from four endangered Carpentarian Rock-rats (Zyzomys palatalis) maintained in a captive colony at the Territory Wildlife Park, Northern Territory. As these animals are endangered, only small sample numbers were able to be analysed. Most haematological and serum biochemical parameters were(More)
The lymphoid tissues of the red-tailed phascogale (Phascogale calura) were examined using histological and immunohistochemical techniques. The distribution of immune cells in the tissue beds was documented using antibodies to surface markers CD3 and an MHC Class II antigen (equivalent to HLA DRII). Spleen, gut-associated lymphoid tissues (GALT), lung,(More)
At birth the tissues of marsupial immune system are underdeveloped. The young animal is not immunocompetent. Histological and immunohistochemical studies of pouch young epithelial tissues provide a clear picture of tissue development but the timing of onset of immunocompetence awaits definition. The survival of the neonatal marsupial in a microbially rich(More)