Julie M Fraser

  • Citations Per Year
Learn More
2,2,2-Trifluoroethanol (TFE) is a metabolite of anesthetic agents and chlorofluorocarbon alternatives. Its toxicity in rats is a consequence of its metabolism to 2,2,2-trifluoroacetaldehyde (TFAld) and then to trifluoroacetic acid (TFAA). The enzymes involved in the toxic metabolic pathway have been investigated in this study. For the reaction of TFE to(More)
2,2,2-Trifluoroethanol (TFE) produces bone marrow and small intestine toxicity resulting in leukopenia, loss of intestinal dry weight, and consequent lethal septicemia in male Wistar rats. Its metabolic pathway, based on serum and small intestine time courses of substrate and metabolites, was determined to be TFE in equilibrium 2,2,2-trifluoroacetaldehyde(More)
2,2,2-Trifluoroethanol (TFE) is the toxic metabolite of the anesthetic agent fluroxene. TFE treatment (0.21 g/kg, ip) of male Wistar rats significantly reduced peripheral white blood cell count, bone marrow nucleated cellularity, and dry weight of the small intestine. These toxic effects of TFE were first observed at 8 to 16 hr after treatment, persisted(More)
The lethal effects of the fluorinated ether anesthetic, fluroxene, in rats are a consequence of its metabolism, which is catalyzed by cytochrome P-450 to the toxic metabolite 2,2,2-trifluoroethanol (TFE). The anesthetic or TFE (0.21 g/kg) caused decreased white blood cell counts, necrosis of bone marrow and lymphocytes, and decreased small intestine dry(More)
Tris-lipidation uses Tris to produce drug-fatty acyl conjugates. Radiolabelled Tris-fatty acyl conjugates of methotrexate (MTX) were examined in biodistribution studies in BALB/c mice. Following delivery via a variety of routes, the Tris-lipidated compounds demonstrated features in common with other colloid drug delivery systems. Tissues of the(More)
2,2,2-Trifluoroethanol (TFE), the toxic metabolite of the anesthetic agent fluoroxene, is further metabolized to trifluoroacetic acid, which accumulated to maximum serum concentrations 16 to 24 hr after TFE administration to rats. To determine how the metabolic pathways of TFE are related to its toxicity, male Wistar rats were pretreated with various(More)
  • 1