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Rationale: Understanding the mechanistic basis of working memory, the capacity to hold representation "on line," is important for delineating the processes involved in higher cognitive functions and the pathophysiology of thought disorders. Objectives: We compared the contribution of glutamate and dopamine receptor subtypes to temporal aspects of working(More)
We investigated if a developmental lesion of the ventral hippocampus, studied previously as an animal model of schizophrenia, impairs performance in working memory tests related to the prefrontal cortex. Adult rats with a neonatal or adult excitotoxic lesion of the ventral hippocampus were tested in a continuous delayed alternation and a discrete(More)
PURPOSE It has long been known that medical students become more cynical as they move through their training, and at times even exhibit "ethical erosion." This study examines one dimension of this phenomenon: how medical students perceive and use derogatory and cynical humor directed at patients. METHOD The authors conducted five voluntary focus groups(More)
Although bedbug infestation is not a new public health problem, it is one that is becoming more alarming among healthcare professionals, public health officials, and ethicists given the magnitude of patients who may be denied treatment, or who are unable to access treatment, especially those underserved populations living in low income housing. Efforts to(More)
CONTEXT A study of medical students' perspectives on derogatory and cynical humour was published in 2006. The current study examines residents' and attending doctors' perspectives on the same phenomenon in three clinical departments of psychiatry, internal medicine and surgery. METHODS Two focus groups were conducted in each of the three clinical(More)
BACKGROUND A well-known phenomenon among U.S. medical students known as pimping, or the pedagogical device of questioning students in the clinical setting, receives virtually no attention in medical literature. PURPOSE Identifying 4th-year medical students' relevant knowledge and attitudes about pimping may help educators understand the range of beliefs(More)
Recent attention to racial disparities in law enforcement, highlighted by the death of Freddie Gray, raises questions about whether medical education adequately prepares physicians to care for persons particularly affected by societal inequities and injustice who present to clinics, hospitals, and emergency rooms. In this Perspective, the authors propose(More)
BACKGROUND The literature consistently reports that sexual harassment occurs with regularity in medical education, mostly in clinical settings, and most of it goes unreported. Reasons for nonreporting include the fear of retaliation, a reluctance to be viewed as a victim, a fear that one is being "too sensitive," and the belief that nothing will be done. (More)
BACKGROUND Obstetrics and gynecology residents face difficult clinical situations and decisions that challenge their moral concepts. OBJECTIVE We examined how moral and nonmoral judgments about patients are formulated, confirmed, or modified and how moral distress may be alleviated among obstetrics-gynecology residents. METHODS Three focus groups,(More)
INTRODUCTION Upon designing and implementing a literature course on family values for Year 4 medical students, we found that while the supposed benefits of literary inquiry were to lead students to a deeper understanding of difficult issues such as illness and violence in the family, many of our students were unable to engage critically with the course(More)