Learn More
RGS (regulator of G protein signaling) proteins are GTPase-activating proteins that attenuate signaling by heterotrimeric G proteins. Whether the biological functions of RGS proteins are governed by quantitative differences in GTPase-activating protein activity toward various classes of Galpha subunits and how G protein selectivity is achieved by(More)
RGS proteins negatively regulate heterotrimeric G proteins at the plasma membrane. RGS2-GFP localizes to the nucleus, plasma membrane, and cytoplasm of HEK293 cells. Expression of activated G(q) increased RGS2 association with the plasma membrane and decreased accumulation in the nucleus, suggesting that signal-induced redistribution may regulate RGS2(More)
Viral infections are detected in most cases by the host innate immune system through pattern-recognition receptors (PRR), the sensors for pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs), which induce the production of cytokines, such as type I interferons (IFN). Recent identification in mammalian and teleost fish of cytoplasmic viral RNA sensors, RIG-I-like(More)
The genome sequence of a hypervirulent novirhabdovirus, viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus (VHSV) French strain 23-75, was determined. Compared to the genome of the prototype Fil3 strain, a number of substitutions, deletions, and insertions were observed. Following the establishment of a plasmid-based minigenome replication assay, recombinant VHSV (rVHSV)(More)
The RNA-dependent RNA polymerase complex of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is composed of the large polymerase (L), the phosphoprotein (P), the nucleocapsid protein (N) and the co-factors M2-1 and M2-2. The P protein plays a central role within the replicase-transcriptase machinery, forming homo-oligomers and complexes with N and L. In order to study P-P(More)
The abnormally folded form of the prion protein (PrP(Sc)) accumulating in nervous and lymphoid tissues of prion-infected individuals can be naturally cleaved to generate a N-terminal-truncated fragment called C2. Information about the identity of the cellular proteases involved in this process and its possible role in prion biology has remained limited and(More)
An RNA polymerase activity was found to be associated with the infectious drosophila X virus particles extracted from infected flies. The rate of synthesis was at first linear as a function of time, and then a plateau was reached. During the linear phase of the synthesis, the template and product were associated as replicative intermediates which were(More)
The respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) M2-1 protein is an essential cofactor of the viral RNA polymerase complex and functions as a transcriptional processivity and antitermination factor. M2-1, which exists in a phosphorylated or unphosphorylated form in infected cells, is an RNA-binding protein that also interacts with some of the other components of the(More)
The mRNA transcribed from the N gene of viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus (VHSV) of salmonids has been cloned in Escherichia coli and expressed. Fusion proteins were recognized by monoclonal antibody directed against the N protein from the viral particle. A 1212 bp long open reading frame (ORF) coding for 404 amino acids with a calculated Mr of 44590 was(More)
Human and bovine respiratory syncytial viruses (HRSV and BRSV) are two closely related, worldwide prevalent viruses that are the leading cause of severe airway disease in children and calves, respectively. Efficacy of commercial bovine vaccines needs improvement and no human vaccine is licensed yet. We reported that nasal vaccination with the HRSV(More)