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Covalent modification of DNA distinguishes cellular identities and is crucial for regulating the pluripotency and differentiation of embryonic stem (ES) cells. The recent demonstration that 5-methylcytosine (5-mC) may be further modified to 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5-hmC) in ES cells has revealed a novel regulatory paradigm to modulate the epigenetic(More)
The eukaryotic green algae, Chlamydomonas reinhardtii has been shown to be capable of producing a variety of recombinant proteins, but the true potential of this platform remains largely unexplored. To assess the potential of algae for the production of novel recombinant proteins, we generated a series of chimeric proteins containing a single chain antibody(More)
CONTEXT Progesterone has been associated with promoting growth of uterine leiomyomas. The mechanisms involved remain unclear. OBJECTIVE In this study we investigated the activation of the AKT pathway and its downstream effectors, glycogen synthase kinase-3b and Forkhead box O (FOXO)-1 by progesterone as a mechanism of proliferation and survival of(More)
This study examines the distribution of estrogen receptors (ESR), progesterone receptors (Pgr), and the chaperone immunophilin FKBP52 in the eutopic endometrium in a baboon model of endometriosis during the window of receptivity to determine if their aberrant distribution contributes to reduced fecundity. Endometriosis was induced by inoculation of(More)
At present, bariatric surgery is the only treatment that can achieve meaningful and sustainable weight loss for the millions of morbidly obese individuals. The current popular operative procedures (the Roux-en-y gastric bypass, laparoscopic adjustable gastric band, and the biliopancreatic diversion with or without duodenal switch) are all relatively safe(More)
Differentiation of human endometrial stromal cells (HESCs) into decidual cells is associated with induction of the forkhead transcription factor forkhead box O1A (FOXO1). We performed a genomic screen to identify decidua-specific genes under FOXO1 control. Primary HESCs were transfected with small interfering RNA targeting FOXO1 or with nontargeting control(More)
Progesterone is indispensable for differentiation of human endometrial stromal cells (HESCs) into decidual cells, a process that critically controls embryo implantation. We now show an important role for androgen receptor (AR) signaling in this differentiation process. Decreased posttranslational modification of the AR by small ubiquitin-like modifier(More)
BACKGROUND The perinucleolar compartment (PNC) is a subnuclear structure localized at the nucleolar periphery. Previous studies using breast cancer as a model system demonstrated that PNC prevalence (the percentage of cells with 1 or more PNC) increased with disease progression and was associated with poor patient outcomes. METHODS To evaluate the(More)
BACKGROUND Although hospital 30-day readmissions policies currently focus on medical conditions, readmission penalties will be expanding to encompass surgical procedures, logically beginning with common and standardized procedures, such as gastric bypass. Therefore, understanding predictors of readmission is essential in lowering readmission rate for these(More)
In adult zebrafish, 4 weeks of exercise training is known to induce an increase in mitochondrial enzymes such as citrate synthase (CS) when determined in mixed (red and white) muscle. However, this remodeling is not accompanied by changes in PGC-1alpha mRNA, a potent inducer of mitochondrial biogenesis in mammals. To further understand this response, we(More)