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Progesterone receptor (PR) mediates the actions of the ovarian steroid progesterone, which together with estradiol regulates gonadotropin secretion, prepares the endometrium for implantation, maintains pregnancy, and differentiates breast tissue. Separation of estrogen and progesterone actions in hormone-responsive tissues remains a challenge. Pathologies(More)
Covalent modification of DNA distinguishes cellular identities and is crucial for regulating the pluripotency and differentiation of embryonic stem (ES) cells. The recent demonstration that 5-methylcytosine (5-mC) may be further modified to 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5-hmC) in ES cells has revealed a novel regulatory paradigm to modulate the epigenetic(More)
Differentiation of human endometrial stromal cells (HESCs) into decidual cells is associated with induction of the forkhead transcription factor forkhead box O1A (FOXO1). We performed a genomic screen to identify decidua-specific genes under FOXO1 control. Primary HESCs were transfected with small interfering RNA targeting FOXO1 or with nontargeting control(More)
In adult zebrafish, 4 weeks of exercise training is known to induce an increase in mitochondrial enzymes such as citrate synthase (CS) when determined in mixed (red and white) muscle. However, this remodeling is not accompanied by changes in PGC-1α mRNA, a potent inducer of mitochondrial biogenesis in mammals. To further understand this response, we(More)
This study examines the distribution of estrogen receptors (ESR), progesterone receptors (Pgr), and the chaperone immunophilin FKBP52 in the eutopic endometrium in a baboon model of endometriosis during the window of receptivity to determine if their aberrant distribution contributes to reduced fecundity. Endometriosis was induced by inoculation of(More)
Loss of progesterone signaling in the endometrium may be a causal factor in the development of endometriosis, and progesterone resistance is commonly observed in women with this disease. In endometriotic stromal cells, the levels of progesterone receptor (PR), particularly the PR-B isoform, are significantly decreased, leading to a loss of paracrine(More)
BACKGROUND Several publications have suggested that staple line buttressing might decrease staple line bleeding, increase burst pressure, and decrease the likelihood of acute failure resulting in leak. Currently, permanent and nonpermanent options are available. However, concern has been raised about the permanent buttress material and its potential for(More)
CONTEXT Progesterone has been associated with promoting growth of uterine leiomyomas. The mechanisms involved remain unclear. OBJECTIVE In this study we investigated the activation of the AKT pathway and its downstream effectors, glycogen synthase kinase-3b and Forkhead box O (FOXO)-1 by progesterone as a mechanism of proliferation and survival of(More)
ASMBS, SOARD, outcome reporting standards Standardized outcomes reporting in metabolic and bariatric surgery Stacy A. Brethauer, MD*, Julie Kim, MD, Maher el Chaar, MD, Pavlos Papasavas, MD, Dan Eisenberg, MD, Ann Rogers, MD, Naveen Ballem, MD, Mark Kligman, MD, Shanu Kothari, MD for the ASMBS Clinical Issues Committee Bariatric and Metabolic Center,(More)
BACKGROUND Although hospital 30-day readmissions policies currently focus on medical conditions, readmission penalties will be expanding to encompass surgical procedures, logically beginning with common and standardized procedures, such as gastric bypass. Therefore, understanding predictors of readmission is essential in lowering readmission rate for these(More)