Julie K. Passage

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2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) was assessed for systemic toxicity, reproductive toxicity, developmental neurotoxicity (DNT), developmental immunotoxicity (DIT), and endocrine toxicity. CD rats (27/sex/dose) were exposed to 0, 100, 300, 600 (female), or 800 (male) ppm 2,4-D in diet. Nonlinear toxicokinetic behavior was shown at high doses; the renal(More)
Life-stage-dependent toxicity and dose-dependent toxicokinetics (TK) were evaluated in Sprague Dawley rats following dietary exposure to 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D). 2,4-D renal clearance is impacted by dose-dependent saturation of the renal organic anion transporter; thus, this study focused on identifying inflection points of onset of dietary(More)
If p53 is essential to eliminate damaged spermatogenic cells, then mutagen exposure in the absence of p53 would increase sperm containing damaged DNA. p53 knockout (-/-, NULL) and wild-type (+/+, WT) mice (five/group) were exposed to ethylnitrosourea (ENU) or cyclophosphamide (CP). In phase I, mice were exposed by gavage to 0 or 60 mg/kg/day ENU or CP for(More)
The effect of age or dose regimen on cholinesterase inhibition (ChEI) from chlorpyrifos (CPF) or CPF-oxon (CPFO) was studied in Crl:CD(SD) rats. Rats were exposed to CPF by gavage in corn oil, rat milk (pups), or in the diet (adults) or to CPFO by gavage in corn oil. Blood CPF/CPFO levels were measured. With acute exposure, ChEI NOELs were 2 mg/kg CPF for(More)
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