Julie K. Passage

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The effect of age or dose regimen on cholinesterase inhibition (ChEI) from chlorpyrifos (CPF) or CPF-oxon (CPFO) was studied in Crl:CD(SD) rats. Rats were exposed to CPF by gavage in corn oil, rat milk (pups), or in the diet (adults) or to CPFO by gavage in corn oil. Blood CPF/CPFO levels were measured. With acute exposure, ChEI NOELs were 2 mg/kg CPF for(More)
2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) was assessed for systemic toxicity, reproductive toxicity, developmental neurotoxicity (DNT), developmental immunotoxicity (DIT), and endocrine toxicity. CD rats (27/sex/dose) were exposed to 0, 100, 300, 600 (female), or 800 (male) ppm 2,4-D in diet. Nonlinear toxicokinetic behavior was shown at high doses; the renal(More)
If p53 is essential to eliminate damaged spermatogenic cells, then mutagen exposure in the absence of p53 would increase sperm containing damaged DNA. p53 knockout (-/-, NULL) and wild-type (+/+, WT) mice (five/group) were exposed to ethylnitrosourea (ENU) or cyclophosphamide (CP). In phase I, mice were exposed by gavage to 0 or 60 mg/kg/day ENU or CP for(More)
Life-stage-dependent toxicity and dose-dependent toxicokinetics (TK) were evaluated in Sprague Dawley rats following dietary exposure to 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D). 2,4-D renal clearance is impacted by dose-dependent saturation of the renal organic anion transporter; thus, this study focused on identifying inflection points of onset of dietary(More)
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