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Many beneficial proprieties have been associated with polyphenols from green tea, such as chemopreventive, anticarcinogenic, antiatherogenic and antioxidant actions. In this study, we investigated the effects of green tea polyphenols (GTPs) and their principal catechins on the function of P-glycoprotein (P-gp), which is involved in the multidrug resistance(More)
1. The blood-brain barrier (BBB) contributes to brain homeostastis and fulfills a protective function by controlling the access of solutes and toxic substances to the central nervous system (CNS). The efflux transporter P-glycoprotein (P-gp) is a key element of the molecular machinery that confers special permeability properties to the BBB. 2. P-gp, which(More)
Prion protein (PrP) prevents Bcl-2-associated protein X (Bax)-mediated cell death, but the step at which PrP inhibits is not known. We first show that PrP is very specific for Bax and cannot prevent Bak (Bcl-2 antagonist killer 1)-, tBid-, staurosporine- or thapsigargin-mediated cell death. As Bax activation involves Bax conformational change, mitochondrial(More)
The expression of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and canalicular multispecific organic anion transporter (cMOAT or Mrp2) was evaluated by Western blotting analysis of rat tissues isolated following daily administration (1 mg kg(-1) day(-1)) of dexamethasone over 4 days. Dexamethasone rapidly increased P-gp expression more than 4.5- and 2-fold in liver and lung,(More)
The organosulfur compounds (OSCs), present in garlic, are studied for their protective effect against human cancers. P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and multidrug resistance protein 2 (Mrp2) are two transporters involved in the defense of cells and in the development of multidrug resistance. Whereas OSCs increase glutathione S-transferase activity (GST), Mrp2 plays a(More)
P-glycoprotein (P-gp), an adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-binding cassette transporter which acts as a drug efflux pump, is highly expressed at the blood-brain barrier (BBB) where it plays an important role in brain protection. Recently, P-gp has been reported to be located in the caveolae of multidrug-resistant cells. In this study, we investigated the(More)
We recently reported that human recombinant melanotransferrin (p97) presents a high transport rate across the blood-brain barrier that might involve the low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein (LRP). We now report new interactions between p97 and another LRP ligand, the urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) complex. By using biospecific interaction(More)
A significant proportion of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and caveolin was co-localized in caveolae isolated from resistant (CH(R)C5) cells overexpressing P-gp and from drug-sensitive Chinese hamster ovary cells (AuxB1). The proportion of P-gp and caveolin associated with caveolar microdomains was higher in CH(R)C5 cells grown in the presence of P-gp substrates(More)
The concept of cancer prevention by use of naturally occuring substances that could be included in the diet is under investigation as a practical approach towards reducing cancer incidence, and therefore the mortality and morbidity associated with this disease. Tea, which is the most popularly consumed beverage aside from water, has been particularly(More)
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) performs a neuroprotective function by tightly controlling access to the brain; consequently it also impedes access of proteins as well as pharmacological agents to cerebral tissues. We demonstrate here that recombinant human melanotransferrin (P97) is highly accumulated into the mouse brain following intravenous injection and(More)