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Comprehensive knowledge of the brain's wiring diagram is fundamental for understanding how the nervous system processes information at both local and global scales. However, with the singular exception of the C. elegans microscale connectome, there are no complete connectivity data sets in other species. Here we report a brain-wide, cellular-level,(More)
Mechanoreceptive hair cells are extremely sensitive to aminoglycoside antibiotics, including neomycin. Hair cell survival was assessed in larval wild-type zebrafish lateral line neuromasts 4 h after initial exposure to a range of neomycin concentrations for 1 h. Each of the lateral line neuromasts was scored in live fish for the presence or absence of hair(More)
Amyloid-β oligomers may cause cognitive deficits in Alzheimer's disease by impairing neuronal NMDA-type glutamate receptors, whose function is regulated by the receptor tyrosine kinase EphB2. Here we show that amyloid-β oligomers bind to the fibronectin repeats domain of EphB2 and trigger EphB2 degradation in the proteasome. To determine the pathogenic(More)
Deprivation of auditory nerve input in young mice results in dramatic neuron death in the anteroventral cochlear nucleus (CN), while the same manipulation performed in older mice does not result in significant neuronal loss. The molecular basis underlying this critical period of susceptibility to loss of afferent input remains largely unknown. One(More)
During a critical period prior to hearing onset, cochlea ablation leads to massive neuronal death in the mouse anteroventral cochlear nucleus (AVCN), where cell survival is believed to depend on glutamatergic input. We investigated the development of spontaneous miniature excitatory postsynaptic currents (mEPSCs) in AVCN neurons using whole cell patch-clamp(More)
The entorhinal cortex (EC) is one of the earliest affected, most vulnerable brain regions in Alzheimer's disease (AD), which is associated with amyloid-β (Aβ) accumulation in many brain areas. Selective overexpression of mutant amyloid precursor protein (APP) predominantly in layer II/III neurons of the EC caused cognitive and behavioral abnormalities(More)
Extracellular calcium concentrations (Cao) > 0.1 mM are required for the differentiation of normal human keratinocytes in culture. Increments in Cao result in acute and sustained increases in the intracellular calcium level (Cai), postulated to involve both a release of calcium from intracellular stores and a subsequent increase in calcium influx through(More)
The neurons of the cochlear nucleus are dependent on input from the auditory nerve for survival during a critical period of development in a variety of vertebrate species. The molecules that underlie this age-dependent vulnerability to deafferentation are for the most part unknown, although recent studies have begun to yield interesting candidate genes.(More)
It is well documented that estrogen can activate rapid signaling pathways in a variety of cell types. These non-classical effects of estrogen have been reported to be important for cell survival after exposure to a variety of neurotoxic insults. Since direct evidence of the ability of the estrogen receptors (ERs) alpha and/or beta to mediate such responses(More)