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Developmental variation in coping and defense strategy use was examined in a sample of 100 male and female participants ranging in age from 10 to 77 years. Each participant was administered Loevinger's ego development task, the Ways of Coping measure, and the Defense Mechanism Inventory. In addition, a brief narrative of a stressful experience was assessed(More)
The purpose of this study was to clarify the mental health needs of Iraqi immigrants who arrived in the United States in the 1990s after the Persian Gulf War. The records of 375 clients were examined at a clinic that serves Arab Americans. More posttraumatic stress disorder and health problems were found in Iraqi refugees than in other clients. Results(More)
A group treatment program for enhancing self-esteem was examined in relation to outcomes for a mixed diagnostic group of mental health clients and for a comparison group of non-clients. Both groups reported satisfaction with the program and showed improvement on self-esteem scores from pretest to the posttest. The program proved practical in terms of(More)
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