Julie H. Dean

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OBJECTIVES To conduct surveillance for neural tube defects (NTDs) in a high-risk region of the United States and to prevent occurrence and recurrence of NTDs through the periconceptional use of folic acid supplements. DESIGN Active and passive methods were used for surveillance of NTD-affected pregnancies and births during a 6-year period (October(More)
We have conducted a multicenter obstetrical and gynecological survey of women in fragile X families. Included in the study were 131 gene carriers (39 with a full mutation and 92 with a premutation) and 109 noncarriers. Analysis indicated that higher numbers of fragile X gene carriers reported having irregular menses and other gynecological complications. As(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the effect on the human sex ratio at birth by assisted reproductive technology (ART) procedures. DESIGN Retrospective population-based study. SETTING Fertility clinics in Australia and New Zealand. POPULATION The study included 13,368 babies by 13,165 women who had a single embryo transfer (SET) between 2002 and 2006. METHODS(More)
Nature within cities will have a central role in helping address key global public health challenges associated with urbanization. However, there is almost no guidance on how much or how frequently people need to engage with nature, and what types or characteristics of nature need to be incorporated in cities for the best health outcomes. Here we use a(More)
We collected data on growth, psychomotor development, speech and language development, and intellectual function on a cohort of 100 males with the fragile X chromosome and 95 carrier females. The data include information on prenatal growth (33 males), growth during the preadult years (32 males), psychomotor development during the first 2 years (25 males),(More)
There is mounting concern for the health of urban populations as cities expand at an unprecedented rate. Urban green spaces provide settings for a remarkable range of physical and mental health benefits, and pioneering health policy is recognizing nature as a cost-effective tool for planning healthy cities. Despite this, limited information on how specific(More)
Active and passive surveillance methods were utilized in an attempt to identify all neural tube defect (NTD)-affected pregnancies in South Carolina, a state previously identified to have a high prevalence of these defects (Greenberg et al., 1983). Sources of case ascertainment included maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein (MSAFP) programmes, prenatal diagnosis(More)
BACKGROUND Globally, the human and economic burdens of mental illness are increasing. As the prevalence and costs associated with mental illness rise, we are progressively more aware that environmental issues such as climate change and biodiversity loss impact on human health. HYPOTHESIS This paper hypothesises that increased biodiversity in urban(More)
PROBLEM/CONDITION The reported prevalence of anencephaly and spina bifida in the United States has steadily declined since the late 1960s. During this time, the ability to diagnose these defects prenatally has progressed rapidly. Many U.S. birth defects surveillance systems ascertain defects only among live-born infants or among infants and fetuses beyond a(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe a 10-year trend in preterm birth. DESIGN Population-based study. SETTING Australia. POPULATION All women who gave birth during 1994-03. METHODS The proportion of spontaneous preterm births (greater than or equal to 22 weeks of gestation and less than 37 completed weeks of gestation) was calculated by dividing the number of(More)