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Nucleus accumbens neurons serve to integrate information from cortical and limbic regions to direct behaviour. Addictive drugs are proposed to hijack this system, enabling drug-associated cues to trigger relapse to drug seeking. However, the connections affected and proof of causality remain to be established. Here we use a mouse model of delayed(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Tetrahydro-N, N-dimethyl-5, 5-diphenyl-3-furanmethanamine hydrochloride (ANAVEX1-41) is a potent muscarinic and sigma(1) (sigma (1)) receptor ligand. The sigma (1) receptor modulates glutamatergic and cholinergic responses in the forebrain and selective agonists are potent anti-amnesic and antidepressant DRUGS. WE HAVE HERE ANALYSED(More)
Serotonin (5-HT) modulates neural responses to socioaffective cues and can bias approach or avoidance behavioral decisions, yet the cellular mechanisms underlying its contribution to the regulation of social experiences remain poorly understood. We hypothesized that GABAergic neurons in the dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) may participate in socioaffective(More)
The nucleus accumbens (NAc) is a critical brain region involved in many reward-related behaviors. The NAc comprises major compartments the core and the shell, which encompass several subterritories. GABAergic medium-sized spiny neurons (MSNs) constitute the output neurons of the NAc core and shell. While the functional organization of the NAc core outputs(More)
Accumbal deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a promising therapeutic modality for the treatment of addiction. Here, we demonstrate that DBS in the nucleus accumbens shell, but not the core, attenuates cocaine priming-induced reinstatement of drug seeking, an animal model of relapse, in male Sprague Dawley rats. Next, we compared DBS of the shell with(More)
The antiamnesic and neuroprotective activities of the new aminotetrahydrofuran derivative tetrahydro-N,N-dimethyl-5,5-diphenyl-3-furanmethanamine hydrochloride (ANAVEX1-41), a nonselective muscarinic receptor ligand and sigma1 protein activator, were examined in mice injected intracerebroventricularly with amyloid beta(25-35) (Abeta(25-35)) peptide (9(More)
Increasing evidences suggest that dopamine facilitates the encoding of novel memories by the hippocampus. However, the role of dopamine D2 receptors (D2R) in such regulations remains elusive due to the lack of the precise identification of hippocampal D2R-expressing cells. To address this issue, mice expressing the ribosomal protein Rpl22 tagged with the(More)
Steroids from peripheral sources or synthesized in the brain, i.e. neurosteroids, exert rapid modulations of neurotransmitter responses through specific interactions with membrane receptors, mainly the gamma-aminobutyric acid type A (GABA(A)) receptor and N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) type of glutamate receptor. Progesterone and(More)
Changes in neuro(active)steroid levels are involved in depressive states and mood disorders. For instance, dehydroepiandrosterone or pregnenolone sulfate showed anti-stress and antidepressant activity in rodents and regulation of allopregnanolone levels appeared to be one of the consequence of an effective antidepressant therapy in patients.(More)
Supraoptic nucleus (SON) neurons receive a dense innervation from noradrenergic fibers, the activity of which stimulates vasopressin (VP) and oxytocin (OT) release, notably during homeostatic regulation of blood pressure and volume. This regulation is known to involve the co-release of norepinephrine (NE) and ATP, which act in synergy to stimulate Ca(2+)(More)