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The jumonji (JMJ) family of histone demethylases are Fe2+- and α-ketoglutarate-dependent oxygenases that are essential components of regulatory transcriptional chromatin complexes. These enzymes demethylate lysine residues in histones in a methylation-state and sequence-specific context. Considerable effort has been devoted to gaining a mechanistic(More)
BACE-1 inhibition has the potential to provide a disease-modifying therapy for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. Optimization of a first generation of BACE-1 inhibitors led to the discovery of novel hydroxyethylamines (HEAs) bearing a tricyclic nonprime side. These derivatives have nanomolar cell potency and are orally bioavailable.
A novel series of AMPAR positive modulators is described that were identified by high throughput screening. The molecules of the series have been optimized from a high quality starting point hit to afford excellent developability, tolerability, and efficacy profiles, leading to identification of a clinical candidate. Unusually for an ion channel target,(More)
A series of AMPA receptor positive allosteric modulators has been optimized from poorly penetrant leads to identify molecules with excellent preclinical pharmacokinetics and CNS penetration. These discoveries led to 17i, a potent, efficacious CNS penetrant molecule with an excellent pharmacokinetic profile across preclinical species, which is well tolerated(More)
This paper describes the discovery of non-peptidic, potent, and selective hydroxy ethylamine (HEA) inhibitors of BACE-1 by replacement of the prime side of a lead di-amide 2. Inhibitors with nanosmolar potency and high selectivity were identified. Depending on the nature of the P(1)(') and P(2)(') substituents, two different binding modes were observed in(More)
Inhibition of the aspartyl protease BACE-1 has the potential to deliver a disease-modifying therapy for Alzheimer's disease. Herein, is described the lead generation effort which resulted, with the support of X-ray crystallography, in the discovery of potent inhibitors based on a hydroxy ethylamine (HEA) transition-state mimetic. These inhibitors were(More)
Inhibition of the aspartyl protease BACE-1 has the potential to deliver a disease-modifying therapy for Alzheimer's disease. We have recently disclosed a series of transition-state mimetic BACE-1 inhibitors showing nanomolar potency in cell-based assays. Amongst them, GSK188909 (compound 2) had favorable pharmacokinetics and was the first orally(More)
Our first generation of hydroxyethylamine BACE-1 inhibitors proved unlikely to provide molecules that would lower amyloid in an animal model at low oral doses. This observation led us to the discovery of a second generation of inhibitors having nanomolar activity in a cell-based assay and with the potential for improved pharmacokinetic profiles. In this(More)
Our first generation of hydroxyethylamine transition-state mimetic BACE-1 inhibitors allowed us to validate BACE-1 as a key target for Alzheimer's disease by demonstrating amyloid lowering in an animal model, albeit at rather high doses. Finding a molecule from this series which was active at lower oral doses proved elusive and demonstrated the need to find(More)
This article is focusing on further optimization of previously described hydroxy ethylamine (HEA) BACE-1 inhibitors obtained from a focused library with the support of X-ray crystallography. Optimization of the non-prime side of our inhibitors and introduction of a 6-membered sultam substituent binding to Asn-294 as well as a fluorine in the C-2 position(More)