Julie E. Maher

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BACKGROUND Sexual acquisition of HIV is influenced by choice of partner, sex act, and condom use. However, current risk-reduction strategies focus mainly on condom use. GOAL To estimate the contribution of choice of partner, sex act, and condom use on the per-act relative and absolute risks for HIV infection. STUDY DESIGN Per-act relative risk for HIV(More)
INTRODUCTION To conduct an evidence-based review of the literature on the effectiveness of partner notification strategies for syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in the United States. METHODS Systematic literature searches of available databases yielded 212 English language articles on partner notification, 13 of which(More)
OBJECTIVE Several studies have shown that lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) persons have higher smoking prevalence than heterosexuals. However, few population-based studies have explored whether smoking-related knowledge, attitudes and behaviors also differ between the communities. METHODS We used Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data for 2003 to(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine patterns of familial aggregation and factors influencing onset age in a sample of siblings with PD. METHODS Sibling pairs (n = 203) with PD were collected as part of the GenePD study. Standardized family history, medical history, and risk factor data were collected and analyzed. RESULTS The mean age at onset was 61.4 years and did(More)
The goals of this study of adults asymptomatic for coronary artery disease (CAD) were to examine the relations between established CAD risk factors and quantity of coronary artery calcification (CAC) in three arterial locations using generalized linear mixed models and to estimate the variability in quantity of CAC explained by established CAD risk factors(More)
OBJECTIVES To conduct a descriptive, comparative study of the acceptability and effectiveness of a tobacco cessation quitline (QL) among Alaska Native people and non-Alaska Native people. STUDY DESIGN From January 2006 to January 2007, we conducted telephone surveys of first-time Alaska QL callers who set a quit date. We attempted to reach them by phone(More)
INTRODUCTION We studied the impact of implementing a comprehensive smoke-free policy in multiunit housing in the Portland, Oregon metropolitan area. Among low-income tenants living in a subset of subsidized multiunit buildings, we evaluated cessation-related behaviors, policy knowledge and compliance, and secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure. METHODS We mailed(More)
PURPOSE There have been speculations that increases in vaccinations have caused recent increases in wheezing lower respiratory disease during infancy. We assess possible associations between vaccines and incidence of wheezing in full-term infants. METHODS We conducted a matched case-control study of full-term infants born into the Kaiser Permanente(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess whether smoking quit rates and satisfaction with the Washington State tobacco quitline (QL) services varied by race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, area of residence (that is, urban versus non-urban), or sex of Washington QL callers. METHODS From October 2004 into October 2005, we conducted telephone surveys of Washington QL callers(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Few studies have examined the effect of partner notification (PN) on behavior change and partnerships. This study investigated both. GOAL The goal was to examine the effect of PN on sexual behaviors and partnership dissolution and formation. STUDY DESIGN Subjects included HIV-positive persons interviewed to identify partners for(More)