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We present the analysis of twenty human genomes to evaluate the prospects for identifying rare functional variants that contribute to a phenotype of interest. We sequenced at high coverage ten "case" genomes from individuals with severe hemophilia A and ten "control" genomes. We summarize the number of genetic variants emerging from a study of this(More)
Although more than 2,400 genes have been shown to contain variants that cause Mendelian disease, there are still several thousand such diseases yet to be molecularly defined. The ability of new whole-genome sequencing technologies to rapidly indentify most of the genetic variants in any given genome opens an exciting opportunity to identify these disease(More)
To interpret whole exome/genome sequence data for clinical and research purposes, comprehensive phenotypic information, knowledge of pedigree structure, and results of previous clinical testing are essential. With these requirements in mind and to meet the needs of the Centers for Mendelian Genomics project, we have developed PhenoDB (http://phenodb.net), a(More)
CONTEXT Sequencing of the human genome provides an immense resource for studies correlating DNA variation and epidemiology. However, appropriately powered genetic epidemiology studies often require recruitment from multiple sites. OBJECTIVES To document the burden imposed by review of multicenter studies and to determine the variability among local(More)
BACKGROUND Glycine encephalopathy, also known as nonketotic hyperglycinemia (NKH), is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by a defect in the glycine cleavage system. NKH is classically associated with neonatal apnea, lethargy, hypotonia, and seizures, followed by severe psychomotor retardation in those who survive. METHODS To determine the natural(More)
Nail-Patella syndrome (NPS) is an autosomal dominant disorder that is the result of heterozygous loss-of-function mutations in LMX1B, coding for a LIM homeobox (LIM-HD) transcription factor. Analyses of lmx1b mutant mice have revealed the role of Lmx1b in the development of mesencephalic dopaminergic neurons and the serotonergic system; these areas have(More)
To develop accurate weight for age charts for individuals with achondroplasia. These novel weight for age, gender-specific growth curves for achondroplasia patients from birth through 16 years were constructed from a longitudinal, retrospective, single observer cohort study of 334 individuals with achondroplasia. Weight for age data from 301 subjects in(More)
BACKGROUND Achondroplasia is the most common short stature skeletal dysplasia, with an estimated worldwide prevalence of 250 000. Body mass index (BMI)-for-age references are required for weight management guidance for children with achondroplasia, whose body proportions are unlike those of the average stature population. OBJECTIVE This study used weight(More)
Elucidating the function of highly conserved regulatory sequences is a significant challenge in genomics today. Certain intragenic highly conserved elements have been associated with regulating levels of core components of the spliceosome and alternative splicing of downstream genes. Here we identify mutations in one such element, a regulatory alternative(More)
In Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), intensity inhomogeneity has been an issue affecting the quality of post processing. In this paper, we present a simultaneous segmentation and inhomogeneity correction (IC) method based on active contour algorithm. It uses a generative model which is a modified Mumford-Shah functional proposed by Chan and Vese. The(More)