Julie E. Goodman

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BACKGROUND A common single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the promoter region of the MDM2 gene, known as T-309G and referred to as SNP309 for this study, leads to increased expression of Mdm2 protein and attenuated function of the p53 tumor suppressor protein. We investigated whether genetic variants in MDM2 were associated with breast cancer incidence(More)
The nature of the exposure-response relationship has a profound influence on risk analyses. Several arguments have been proffered as to why all exposure-response relationships for both cancer and noncarcinogenic endpoints should be assumed to be linear at low doses. We focused on three arguments that have been put forth for noncarcinogens. First, the(More)
There is controversy over whether low doses of bisphenol A (BPA, CAS no. 80-05-7) cause reproductive and developmental effects in humans. We update the 2004 weight-of-evidence assessment of an expert panel convened by Harvard's Center for Risk Analysis by critically evaluating over 50 additional studies published between April 2002 and February 2006 that(More)
Several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in genes derived from distinct pathways are associated with colon cancer risk; however, few studies have examined SNP-SNP interactions concurrently. We explored the association between colon cancer and 94 SNPs, using a novel approach, polymorphism interaction analysis (PIA). We developed PIA to examine all(More)
In the human colon, arachidonic acid is metabolized primarily by cyclooxygenase (COX) and arachidonate lipoxygenase (ALOX) to bioactive lipids, which are implicated in colon cancer risk. Several polymorphisms in ALOX and COX genes have been identified, including G-1752A, G-1699A and Glu254Lys in ALOX5; Gln261Arg in ALOX12; Leu237Met and Val481Ile in COX1;(More)
The risk of common diseases is likely determined by the complex interplay between environmental and genetic factors, including single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Traditional methods of data analysis are poorly suited for detecting complex interactions due to sparseness of data in high dimensions, which often occurs when data are available for a large(More)
A valine-108-methionine polymorphism in exon 4 of the catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene causes a 3- to 4-fold reduction in enzyme activity and has been associated with an increased risk of breast cancer. This increased risk may be attributable to a decreased ability of the protein encoded by the low-activity allele (COMT(L)) to methylate and(More)
IARC is reassessing the human carcinogenicity of nickel compounds in 2009. To address the inconsistencies among results from studies of water-soluble nickel compounds, we conducted a weight-of-evidence analysis of the relevant epidemiological, toxicological, and carcinogenic mode-of-action data. We found the epidemiological evidence to be limited, in that(More)
Vandenberg et al. (2012) claim that "most if not all [endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs)] are likely to have low-dose effects" and "nonmonotonicity is a common occurrence after exposures to hormones and EDCs in cell culture and animals and across human populations." They present examples as anecdotes without attempting to review all available pertinent(More)
Recent scientific debate has focused on the potential for inhaled formaldehyde to cause lymphohematopoietic cancers, particularly leukemias, in humans. The concern stems from certain epidemiology studies reporting an association, although particulars of endpoints and dosimetry are inconsistent across studies and several other studies show no such effects.(More)