Julie Dusseault

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There is a need for better understanding of the biocompatibility of alginate-polycation microcapsules based on their physicochemical characteristics. Microcapsules composed of alginate with 44% (IntG) or 71% (HiG) guluronate, gelled with calcium (Ca) or barium (Ba) and coated with poly-L-lysine (PLL) or poly-l-ornithine (PLO), followed by IntG alginate were(More)
Alginate, a polysaccharide extracted from brown seaweed, is widely used for the microencapsulation of islets of Langerhans, allowing their transplantation without immunosuppression. This natural polymer is known to be largely contaminated. The implantation of islets encapsulated using unpurified alginate leads to the development of fibrotic cell overgrowth(More)
Alginate-poly-L-lysine-alginate (APA) microcapsules are currently being investigated as a means to immuno-isolate transplanted cells, but their biocompatibility is limited. In this study, we verified the hypothesis that poly-L-lysine (PLL), which is immunogenic when unbound, is exposed at the APA microcapsule surface. To do so, we analysed the microcapsule(More)
A thorough understanding of the mechanisms involved in the host reaction to alginate-poly-L-lysine microcapsules (HRM) is important to design methods for the evaluation, selection, and development of biocompatible biomaterials and microcapsules or treatments to control this reaction. The objective of this study was to identify those immune cells and(More)
IGF-II has been reported to decrease neonatal islet cell apoptosis and in vitro adult islet cell necrosis and apoptosis, but the usefulness of IGF-II in a transplantation setting is unknown. We evaluated the effect of in vitro IGF-II incubations on microencapsulated rat islet survival both in vitro and in minimal mass transplantations into diabetic mice.(More)
Alginate remains the most popular polymer used for cell encapsulation, yet its biocompatibility is inconsistent. Two commercially available alginates were compared, one with 71% guluronate (HiG), and the other with 44% (IntG). Both alginates were purified, and their purities were verified. After 2 days in the peritoneal cavity of C57BL/6J mice, barium(More)
Alginate is widely used for cell microencapsulation and transplantation. There is a lack of standardization of alginate purity and composition. In a previous study, we compared different alginate purification methods and concluded that polyphenol and endotoxin contaminants were eliminated efficiently but residual protein contaminants persisted with all of(More)
Alginate is frequently used for cell encapsulation, but its biocompatibility is neither optimal nor reproducible. Purifying the alginate is critical for achieving a suitable biocompatibility. However, published purification methods vary in efficiency and may induce changes in polymer biofunctionality. Applying X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, we showed(More)
Insulin-like growth factor-II (IGF-II) has been shown to promote pancreatic β-cell survival. We evaluated the effect of co-encapsulating islets and bioengineered IGF-II-producing cells on islet cell survival. IGF-II or green fast protein (GFP) genes were transferred into TM4 cells, and purified using a neomycin resistance gene, leading to pure cell cultures(More)
Microencapsulation in semi-permeable membranes protects transplanted cells against immune destruction. Microcapsule strength is critical. We describe a method to microencapsulate living cells in alginate-poly-L-lysine (PLL)-alginate membranes with covalent links between adjacent layers of microcapsule membranes, while preserving the desired membrane(More)