Julie D. Fox

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CONTEXT Children and adolescents appear to play an important role in the transmission of influenza. Selectively vaccinating youngsters against influenza may interrupt virus transmission and protect those not immunized. OBJECTIVE To assess whether vaccinating children and adolescents with inactivated influenza vaccine could prevent influenza in other(More)
BACKGROUND The potential role of respiratory viruses in the natural history of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in adults has not been well described since the advent of nucleic amplification tests (NATs). METHODS From 2004 to 2006, adults with CAP who were admitted to five hospitals were prospectively enrolled in the study, and clinical data, cultures,(More)
To assess interlaboratory variability in qualitative and quantitative cytomegalovirus (CMV) viral load (VL) testing, we distributed a panel of samples to 33 laboratories in the USA, Canada and Europe who performed testing using commercial reagents (n = 17) or laboratory-developed assays (n = 18). The panel included two negatives, seven samples constructed(More)
BACKGROUND The nature of influenza viral shedding during naturally acquired infection is not well understood. METHODS A cohort study was conducted in Hutterite colonies in Alberta, Canada. Flocked nasal swabs were collected during 3 influenza seasons (2007-2008 to 2009-2010) from both symptomatic and asymptomatic individuals infected with influenza.(More)
Although most genes are highly conserved among strains of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV), several are unusually variable. By analyzing the sequence of two variable genes (UL146 and UL74) amplified directly from whole blood DNA extracts, multiple HCMV strains were detected in blood samples from 5/11 virus-infected renal transplant patients. These five patients(More)
Detection of respiratory viruses using sensitive real-time nucleic acid amplification tests (NATs) is invaluable for patient and outbreak management. However, the wide range of potential respiratory virus pathogens makes testing using individual real-time NATs expensive and laborious. The objective of this study was to compare the detection of respiratory(More)
In recent years there has been a dramatic increase in research dedicated to the psycho-behavioural modulation of immune function, i.e. the field of Psychoneuroimmunology (PNI). This has led, necessarily, to the use of several in vitro and in vivo techniques in attempts to delineate the relationship between these two phenomena. However, since the field's(More)
To assess interlaboratory variability in qualitative and quantitative Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) viral load (VL) testing, we distributed a panel of samples to 28 laboratories in the USA, Canada and Europe who performed testing using commercially available reagents (n = 12) or laboratory-developed assays (n = 18). The panel included two negatives, seven(More)
Mosquitoes collected during 2003, 2004, and 2005 in Alberta, Canada, were screened for the presence of a wide range of arboviruses by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Nucleic acid extracts from mosquito slurries were amplified using universal primers designed to detect viruses belonging to the Flavivirus genus of the Flaviviridae(More)
BACKGROUND Viral load testing for cytomegalovirus (CMV) is an important diagnostic tool for the management of transplant recipients and immunocompromised individuals; however, inconsistency among laboratories in quantitative measurements of viral load limits interinstitutional comparisons. These inconsistencies stem from the lack of assays cleared by the US(More)