Julie D. Forman-Kay

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The backbone dynamics of the C-terminal SH2 domain of phospholipase C gamma 1 have been investigated. Two forms of the domain were studied, one in complex with a high-affinity binding peptide derived from the platelet-derived growth factor receptor and the other in the absence of this peptide. 2-D 1H-15N NMR methods, employing pulsed field gradients, were(More)
The regulatory (R) region of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) is intrinsically disordered and must be phosphorylated at multiple sites for full CFTR channel activity, with no one specific phosphorylation site required. In addition, nucleotide binding and hydrolysis at the nucleotide-binding domains (NBDs) of CFTR are required(More)
The backbone 1H and 15N resonances of the N-terminal SH3 domain of the Drosophila signaling adapter protein, drk, have been assigned. This domain is in slow exchange on the NMR timescale between folded and predominantly unfolded states. Data were collected on both states simultaneously, on samples of the SH3 in near physiological buffer exhibiting an(More)
The synucleins are a family of intrinsically disordered proteins involved in various human diseases. alpha-Synuclein has been extensively characterized due to its role in Parkinson's disease where it forms intracellular aggregates, while gamma-synuclein is overexpressed in a majority of late-stage breast cancers. Despite fairly strong sequence similarity(More)
A heteronuclear correlation experiment is described which permits simultaneous characterization of both 15N longitudinal decay rates and slow conformational exchange rates. Data pertaining to the exchange between folded and unfolded forms of an SH3 domain is used to illustrate the technique. Because the unfolded form of the molecule, on average, shows(More)
Intrinsically disordered proteins play critical but often poorly understood roles in mediating protein interactions. The interactions of disordered proteins studied to date typically entail structural stabilization, whether as a global disorder-to-order transition or minimal ordering of short linear motifs. The disordered cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK)(More)
Ubiquitination of proteins is an abundant modification that controls numerous cellular processes. Many Ubiquitin (Ub) protein ligases (E3s) target both their substrates and themselves for degradation. However, the mechanisms regulating their catalytic activity are largely unknown. The C2-WW-HECT-domain E3 Smurf2 downregulates transforming growth factor-beta(More)
The most common cystic fibrosis (CF)-causing mutation in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) is deletion of Phe508 (DeltaF508) in the first of two nucleotide-binding domains (NBDs). Nucleotide binding and hydrolysis at the NBDs and phosphorylation of the regulatory (R) region are required for gating of CFTR chloride channel(More)
Recognition requires protein flexibility because it facilitates conformational rearrangements and induced-fit mechanisms upon target binding. Intrinsic disorder is an extreme on the continuous spectrum of possible protein dynamics and its role in recognition may seem counterintuitive. However, conformational disorder is widely found in many eukaryotic(More)
The N-terminal SH3 domain of drk (drkN SH3 domain) exists in equilibrium between a folded (F(exch)) and an unfolded (U(exch)) form under non-denaturing conditions. In order to further our previous descriptions of the U(exch) state, we have developed a protocol for calculating ensembles of structures, based on experimental spectroscopic data, which broadly(More)