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The initiation of emergency care primarily depends on the decisions made by the triage nurse. Triage decisions can therefore have a profound effect on the health outcomes of patients who present for emergency care. If the National Triage Scale (NTS) was effective in providing a standardized approach to triage, a patient with a specific problem should be(More)
AIMS This paper reports a literature review examining the relationship between specific clinical indicators of respiratory dysfunction and adverse events, and exploring the role of nurses in preventing adverse events related to respiratory dysfunction. BACKGROUND Adverse events in hospital are associated with poor patient outcomes such as increased(More)
This review comprises the most extensive literature search and evidence evaluation to date on the most important international BLS interventions, diagnostics, and prognostic factors for cardiac arrest victims. It reemphasizes that the critical lifesaving steps of BLS are (1) prevention, (2) immediate recognition and activation of the emergency response(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the present study was to examine the impact of Pandemic (H(1)N(1)) 2009 Influenza on the Australian emergency nursing and medicine workforce, specifically absenteeism and deployment. METHODS Data were collected using an online survey of 618 members of the three professional emergency medicine or emergency nursing colleges. RESULTS(More)
BACKGROUND Emergency departments (ED) play a key role in management of exacerbation of chronic obstructive airways disease (COPD). Current guidelines for management of exacerbation of COPD showed highest levels of evidence (Level A and B) were related to use of medications and non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV). AIMS The aim of this study(More)
Triage is the formal nursing assessment of all patients who present to an Emergency Department (ED). The National Triage Scale (NTS) is used in most Australian EDs. Triage decision making involves the allocation of every patients presenting to an ED to one of the five NTS categories. The NTS directly relates a triage category to illness or injury severity(More)
AIMS The aim of this study was to improve the emergency nursing care of acute stroke by enhancing the use of evidence regarding prevention of early complications. BACKGROUND Preventing complications in the first 24-48 hours decreases stroke-related mortality. Many patients spend considerable part of the first 24 hours following stroke in the Emergency(More)
Accuracy of triage decisions is a major influence on patient outcomes. Triage nurses' knowledge and experience have been cited as influential factors in triage decision-making. The aim of this article is to examine the independent roles of factual knowledge and experience in triage decisions. All of the articles cited in this review were research papers(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to describe current and daily smoking rates, and smoking cessation rates in adults with anxiety disorders, by type of disorder, severity, use of services, and time since first onset of symptoms. METHOD Data were taken from the 2007 National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing, a nationally representative probability(More)