Julie Christoffel

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The chemical industry has developed sun protection factor products, which contain a variety of so-called "UV screens", among others, benzophenones (BP). Based on the structure it can be assumed, that the variant BP2 may be a potent estrogenic endocrine disrupter (ED). Only very limited data are available in the literature about such action of BP2, which(More)
BACKGROUND The isoflavone genistein (GEN) is found in soy (Glycine max) and red clover (Trifolium pratense). The estrogenic activity of GEN is known, and it is widely advertised as a phytoestrogen useful in alleviating climacteric complaints and other postmenopausal disorders. Knowledge of effects of long-term administration of GEN in laboratory animals is(More)
BACKGROUND There is growing evidence that, in addition to the reproductive system, the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis is a target of endocrine-disrupting compounds (EDCs). However, this is not reflected adequately in current screening and assessment procedures for endocrine activity that to date determine only general parameters of thyroid function. (More)
The endocrine active substances BPA, DBP and BP2 have estrogenic effects in the uterus. Proc and Lin were shown to be antiandrogenic. Whether other estrogen-regulated parameters like lipids, fat metabolism and hormones are also affected by these substances is unknown. We compared the effects of a 3 months lasting administration of these substances with(More)
As the average age of society increases, identifying and preventing osteoporosis becomes more important. According to the results of the Women's Health Initiative study, substitution of estradiol is not recommended in hormone replacement therapy (HRT), although phytoestrogens might be a safe alternative. In this study, the osteoprotective effects of(More)
Purpose. For decades, human cadaver skin has been banked and utilized by hospitals for burn wounds and to study percutaneous absorption and transdermal delivery. Skin storage maintenance and confirmation of skin viability is important for both uses, especially for the absorption process where the in vivo situation is simulated. Methods. Our system uses(More)
Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) has been used for several decades to treat menopausal discomforts. However, in the light of recent studies that draw attention to the potential hazards of conventional HRT, various attempts have been undertaken to search for alternatives to classical HRT. Phytoestrogens are claimed to be capable of positively influencing(More)
OMC and 4MBC are 2 absorbers of ultraviolet light which are used in unknown quantities in sunscreens, cosmetics and plastic products to protect against UV light-induced damage of the skin or of fragrances or plastic material. From there, they were shown to reach surface water and/or by direct contamination or ingestion the human. Under various conditions in(More)
Octylmethoxycinnamate (OMC) and 4-methylbenzylidene camphor (4MBC) are commercially used absorbers of ultraviolet (UV) light. In rats, they were shown to exert endocrine disrupting including uterotrophic, i.e. estrogenic effects. Estrogens have also metabolic effects, therefore the impact of oral application of the two UV absorbers at 2 doses for 3 months(More)
The lack of estrogen during menopause is associated with various symptoms including osteoporosis, cardiovascular diseases, and menopausal symptoms. For many years, conventional hormone replacement therapy has been successfully used to treat these conditions. However, in light of recent studies that draw attention to potential hazards of conventional HRT,(More)