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BACKGROUND Financially disadvantaged populations are more likely to live in communities that do not support healthy choices. This paper investigates whether certain characteristics of the built environment are associated with obesity or coronary heart disease (CHD) risk among uninsured low-income women. METHODS Using a sample of 2001-2002 data from 2692(More)
Results of two recent prospective incidence studies have suggested that certain subgroups of men with diabetes mellitus may be protected from developing prostate cancer. Two earlier studies, however, concluded that diabetes increased the risk of mortality from prostate cancer. With hundreds of thousands of male respondents, the 1959-1972 Cancer Prevention(More)
Delayed stool transit and other gastrointestinal abnormalities are commonly observed in persons with diabetes mellitus and are also known to be associated with colorectal cancer. Previous studies of the contribution of diabetes to colorectal cancer incidence and mortality have been limited by small sample sizes and failure to adjust for covariates. With(More)
BACKGROUND The Well-Integrated Screening and Evaluation for Women Across the Nation (WISEWOMAN) program aims to remove racial and ethnic disparities in health by addressing the screening and intervention needs of midlife uninsured women. This paper describes the WISEWOMAN program requirements, the design of the 12 projects funded in 2002, the use of a(More)
BACKGROUND The high rates of relapse that tend to occur after short-term behavioral interventions indicate the need for maintenance programs that promote long-term adherence to new behavior patterns. Computer-tailored health messages that are mailed to participants or given in brief telephone calls offer an innovative and time-efficient alternative to(More)
Low-income women in the United States have the highest rates of obesity, yet they are seldom included in weight loss trials. To address this research gap, components of two evidence-based weight loss interventions were adapted to create a 16-week intervention for low-income women (Weight Wise Program), which was evaluated in a randomized trial with the(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity has been associated with many co-occurring coronary heart disease (CHD) risk factors as well as CHD mortality. These associations have been shown to vary between African-American and white sample populations. METHODS The authors examined whether obesity co-occurs with several CHD risk factors (diabetes, hypertension,(More)
BACKGROUND Although historically Alaska Native women have had a relatively low incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD), this pattern has changed dramatically in recent years. Alaska Native leaders have identified decreasing cardiovascular risk as an intervention priority. METHODS From October 2000 to April 2001, Southcentral Foundation, an Alaska(More)
PURPOSE This analysis compares the baseline heart disease risk profile of WISEWOMAN participants screened in the South Dakota Women's Prison with the general WISEWOMAN population in South Dakota and explores the potential benefits of lifestyle intervention programs to reduce heart disease risk factors among women during incarceration. METHODS Using(More)
CONTEXT Implementation of the National Institutes of Health's 1998 guidelines, which recommended that health care professionals advise obese patients to lose weight, required baseline data for evaluation. OBJECTIVES To describe the proportion and characteristics of obese persons advised to lose weight by their health care professional during the previous(More)