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Results of two recent prospective incidence studies have suggested that certain subgroups of men with diabetes mellitus may be protected from developing prostate cancer. Two earlier studies, however, concluded that diabetes increased the risk of mortality from prostate cancer. With hundreds of thousands of male respondents, the 1959-1972 Cancer Prevention(More)
Delayed stool transit and other gastrointestinal abnormalities are commonly observed in persons with diabetes mellitus and are also known to be associated with colorectal cancer. Previous studies of the contribution of diabetes to colorectal cancer incidence and mortality have been limited by small sample sizes and failure to adjust for covariates. With(More)
BACKGROUND Financially disadvantaged populations are more likely to live in communities that do not support healthy choices. This paper investigates whether certain characteristics of the built environment are associated with obesity or coronary heart disease (CHD) risk among uninsured low-income women. METHODS Using a sample of 2001-2002 data from 2692(More)
OBJECTIVE Only a few prospective studies have examined the relationship between the frequency of cigarette smoking and the incidence of diabetes mellitus. The purpose of this study was to determine whether greater frequency of cigarette smoking accelerated the development of diabetes mellitus, and whether quitting reversed the effect. METHODS Data were(More)
BACKGROUND The Well-Integrated Screening and Evaluation for Women Across the Nation (WISEWOMAN) program aims to remove racial and ethnic disparities in health by addressing the screening and intervention needs of midlife uninsured women. This paper describes the WISEWOMAN program requirements, the design of the 12 projects funded in 2002, the use of a(More)
CONTEXT Implementation of the National Institutes of Health's 1998 guidelines, which recommended that health care professionals advise obese patients to lose weight, required baseline data for evaluation. OBJECTIVES To describe the proportion and characteristics of obese persons advised to lose weight by their health care professional during the previous(More)
BACKGROUND The Well-Integrated Screening and Evaluation for Women Across the Nation (WISEWOMAN) project addresses the need for effective cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention among underserved, midlife women. We describe an Enhanced Intervention that addressed environmental and individual factors within the context of a clinic-based intervention. We also(More)
BACKGROUND The high rates of relapse that tend to occur after short-term behavioral interventions indicate the need for maintenance programs that promote long-term adherence to new behavior patterns. Computer-tailored health messages that are mailed to participants or given in brief telephone calls offer an innovative and time-efficient alternative to(More)
Low-income women in the United States have the highest rates of obesity, yet they are seldom included in weight loss trials. To address this research gap, components of two evidence-based weight loss interventions were adapted to create a 16-week intervention for low-income women (Weight Wise Program), which was evaluated in a randomized trial with the(More)
BACKGROUND Although historically Alaska Native women have had a relatively low incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD), this pattern has changed dramatically in recent years. Alaska Native leaders have identified decreasing cardiovascular risk as an intervention priority. METHODS From October 2000 to April 2001, Southcentral Foundation, an Alaska(More)