Julie C. Will

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Delayed stool transit and other gastrointestinal abnormalities are commonly observed in persons with diabetes mellitus and are also known to be associated with colorectal cancer. Previous studies of the contribution of diabetes to colorectal cancer incidence and mortality have been limited by small sample sizes and failure to adjust for covariates. With(More)
Results of two recent prospective incidence studies have suggested that certain subgroups of men with diabetes mellitus may be protected from developing prostate cancer. Two earlier studies, however, concluded that diabetes increased the risk of mortality from prostate cancer. With hundreds of thousands of male respondents, the 1959-1972 Cancer Prevention(More)
CONTEXT Implementation of the National Institutes of Health's 1998 guidelines, which recommended that health care professionals advise obese patients to lose weight, required baseline data for evaluation. OBJECTIVES To describe the proportion and characteristics of obese persons advised to lose weight by their health care professional during the previous(More)
OBJECTIVE Only a few prospective studies have examined the relationship between the frequency of cigarette smoking and the incidence of diabetes mellitus. The purpose of this study was to determine whether greater frequency of cigarette smoking accelerated the development of diabetes mellitus, and whether quitting reversed the effect. METHODS Data were(More)
BACKGROUND The Arizona Well-Integrated Screening and Evaluation for Women Across the Nation (WISEWOMAN) project used provider counseling, health education, and community health workers (CHWs) to target chronic disease risk factors in uninsured, primarily Hispanic women over age 50. METHODS Participants were recruited from two Tucson clinics participating(More)
BACKGROUND Financially disadvantaged populations are more likely to live in communities that do not support healthy choices. This paper investigates whether certain characteristics of the built environment are associated with obesity or coronary heart disease (CHD) risk among uninsured low-income women. METHODS Using a sample of 2001-2002 data from 2692(More)
OBJECTIVE The Massachusetts WISEWOMAN Project is a cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk reduction program targeting older uninsured and underinsured women. The cost-effectiveness of providing CVD screening and enhanced lifestyle interventions (EI), compared with providing CVD screening and a minimum intervention (MI), was assessed at five El and six MI(More)
BACKGROUND The high rates of relapse that tend to occur after short-term behavioral interventions indicate the need for maintenance programs that promote long-term adherence to new behavior patterns. Computer-tailored health messages that are mailed to participants or given in brief telephone calls offer an innovative and time-efficient alternative to(More)
BACKGROUND This report presents the effectiveness of the Massachusetts Well-Integrated Screening and Evaluation for Women Across the Nation (WISEWOMAN) Project (MWWP) in reducing the cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk of uninsured and underinsured women aged > or =50. METHODS Healthcare sites were randomly assigned to an enhanced intervention (EI) or(More)
PURPOSE Describe best practices for implementing a variety of lifestyle interventions targeting cardiovascular disease risk factors. APPROACH A mixed-methods approach was used to collect and analyze data. The study was guided by the RE-AIM framework. SETTING Selected Well-Integrated Screening and Intervention for Women Across the Nation (WISEWOMAN)(More)