Julie C.M. Yu

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A number of clinical studies have associated acute anemia with cerebral injury in perioperative patients. Evidence of such injury has been observed near the currently accepted transfusion threshold (hemoglobin [Hb] concentration, 7-8 g/dL), and well above the threshold for cerebral tissue hypoxia (Hb 3-4 g/dL). However, hypoxic and nonhypoxic mechanisms of(More)
This study tested the hypothesis that specific hypoxic molecules, including hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1alpha), neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), are upregulated within the cerebral cortex of acutely anemic rats. Isoflurane-anesthetized rats underwent acute hemodilution by exchanging 50% of their(More)
We previously demonstrated that blockade of immune suppressive CTLA-4 resulted in tumor growth delay when combined with chemotherapy in murine mesothelioma. Tumor-infiltrating T cells (TIT) after local radiotherapy (LRT) play critical roles in abscopal effect against cancer. We attempt to improve the local and abscopal effect by modulating T cell immunity(More)
It is known that calpain activation is involved in human traumatic brain injury (TBI) and that calpain inhibition can have neuroprotective effects on both gray matter and white matter injury of TBI models. However, the role of calpain activation in the corpus callosum remains unclear and requires elucidation given its potential clinical relevance. We(More)
We studied the impact of natural killer T (NKT) cell activation by alpha-galactocysylceramide (α-GalCer, α-GC) on cancer cell repopulation during chemotherapy in murine mesothelioma. The number of NKT cells was found to be increased during the development of murine mesothelioma. NKT cells specifically recognize α-GC through CD1d resulting in their(More)
Objective: In arteriosclerosis and bypass graft stenosis, intimal proliferation is controlled by local and systemic growth factors, such as platelet derived growth factor (PDGF) or insulin. Intimal hyperplasia can be produced in organ culture models. Our aim was to compare neointima formation in two organ culture models of internal mammary artery (IMA) and(More)
OBJECTIVE In arteriosclerosis and bypass graft stenosis, intimal proliferation is controlled by local and systemic growth factors, such as platelet derived growth factor (PDGF) or insulin. Intimal hyperplasia can be produced in organ culture models. Our aim was to compare neointima formation in two organ culture models of internal mammary artery (IMA) and(More)
We report here the humanization of a mouse monoclonal antibody (mAb B233) using a new technique which we call framework shuffling. mAb B233 was raised against the human receptor tyrosine kinase EphA2 which is selectively up-regulated in many cancer cell lines and as such constitutes an attractive target for cancer therapy. The six CDRs of B233 were fused(More)
BACKGROUND Perioperative beta-blockade and anemia are independent predictors of increased stroke and mortality by undefined mechanisms. This study investigated the effect of beta-blockade on cerebral tissue oxygen delivery in an experimental model of blood loss and fluid resuscitation (hemodilution). METHODS Anesthetized rats were treated with metoprolol(More)
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