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We have carried out a cell-based screen aimed at discovering small molecules that activate p53 and have the potential to decrease tumor growth. Here, we describe one of our hit compounds, tenovin-1, along with a more water-soluble analog, tenovin-6. Via a yeast genetic screen, biochemical assays, and target validation studies in mammalian cells, we show(More)
It is well-known that although cisplatin, [cis-[PtCl2(NH3)2], is an anticancer drug, its isomer transplatin is not cytotoxic. Here we show that transplatin is almost as cytotoxic as cisplatin when treated cells (human keratinocytes HaCaT and ovarian cancer A2780 cells) are irradiated with UVA light (50 min, 1.77 mW cm-2). Chemical studies show that light(More)
We show by x-ray crystallography that the complex trans, trans, trans-[Pt(N(3))(2)(OH)(2)(NH(3))(py)] (1) contains an octahedral Pt(IV) center with almost linear azido ligands. Complex 1 is remarkably stable in the dark, even in the presence of cellular reducing agents such as glutathione, but readily undergoes photoinduced ligand substitution and(More)
The synthesis and X-ray structure (as the tetrahydrate) of the platinum(IV) complex trans,trans,trans-[Pt(N(3))(2)(OH)(2)(NH(3))(2)] 3 are described and its photochemistry and photobiology are compared with those of the cis isomer cis,trans,cis-[Pt(N(3))(2)(OH)(2)(NH(3))(2)] 4. Complexes 4 and 3 are potential precursors of the anticancer drug cisplatin and(More)
The photocytotoxicity of a series of anticancer trans-dihydroxido [Pt(N(3))(2)(OH)(2)(NH(3))(X)] (X = alkyl or aryl amine) platinum(IV) diazido complexes has been examined, and the influence of cis-trans isomerism has been investigated. A series of photoactivatable Pt(IV)-azido complexes has been synthesized: The synthesis, characterization, and(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Monochromator phototesting, to measure the minimal erythemal dose (MED), is useful in investigating patients with abnormal photosensitivity at different wavelengths. It relies on access to reliable, up-to-date data on the MED in normal individuals. The purpose of this study was to determine MED in normal subjects at different wavebands(More)
CYP2S1 is an extrahepatic cytochrome P450 (P450) that shows marked individuality in constitutive and inducible expression. CYP2S1 mRNA expression is increased in psoriasis and by treatments for psoriasis, including retinoids and UV radiation, although endogenous substrates remain poorly characterized. Because previous model systems have overexpressed(More)
Activation of the p53 tumour suppressor is predicted to have therapeutically beneficial effects. Many current anti-cancer therapies activate the p53 response via DNA damage. Non-genotoxic activation of the p53 pathway would open the way to long-term and possibly prophylactic treatments. We have established a simple protocol to screen small compound(More)
BACKGROUND ABCG2 is an ATP-binding cassette transporter protein which has a role in the regulation of endogenous protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) levels. OBJECTIVE To understand the influence of ABCG2 on porphyrin-based photodynamic therapy (PDT) and fluorescence diagnosis (FD), we examined the role of endogenous ABCG2 in four human cell lines from the epidermis(More)