Julie A Wieland

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Hydrogels have been widely used in tissue engineering as a support for tissue formation or to deliver non-viral gene therapy vectors locally. Hydrogels that combine these functionalities can provide a fundamental tool to promote specific cellular processes leading to tissue formation. This report investigates controlled release of gene therapy vectors from(More)
Neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) is a cell surface adhesion glycoprotein that plays an important role in the development and stability of nervous tissue. The homophilic binding mechanism of NCAM is still a subject of debate on account of findings that appear to support different mechanisms. This paper describes single molecule force measurements with(More)
The kinetic parameters of single bonds between neural cell adhesion molecules were determined from atomic force microscope measurements of the forced dissociation of the homophilic protein-protein bonds. The analytical approach described provides a systematic procedure for obtaining rupture kinetics for single protein bonds from bond breakage frequency(More)
This work describes atomic force microscopy studies of the physical parameters determining the strength of lipid anchorage in bilayers as a function of the phase state of the lipid matrix. These investigations used biotinylated lipids and streptavidin-derivatized tips to quantify the lipid pullout force from different lipid matrices. Analysis of the data(More)
Substrate-mediated gene delivery describes the immobilization of gene therapy vectors to a biomaterial, which enhances gene transfer by exposing adhered cells to elevated DNA concentrations within the local microenvironment. Surface chemistry has been shown to affect transfection by nonspecifically immobilized complexes using self-assembled monolayers(More)
Kinetic parameters associated with bond dissociation have been identified from experiments in which mechanical forces exerted by atomic force microscopy or laser tweezers are used to break bonds in single molecules. Analysis of a single-bond microscopic model indicates that the breakage frequency distribution is most sensitive to the value of the distance(More)
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