Julie A Wickenden

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Emphysema is characterized by enlargement of the distal airspaces in the lungs due to destruction of alveolar walls. Alveolar endothelial and epithelial cell apoptosis induced by cigarette smoke is thought to be a possible mechanism for this cell loss. In contrast, our studies show that cigarette smoke condensate (CSC) induces necrosis in alveolar(More)
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