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This study used a previously tested foot model and adapted it for use with children. A number of variations on this adapted model were implemented and tested for repeatability and accuracy on 15 healthy children on three occasions. These included redefinition of the long axes of the tibia and forefoot, assessment of the flexibility of the forefoot and(More)
This paper presents a comparison of four different methods of identifying the times of foot-strike and toe-off during running based on gait marker trajectories. The event times predicted by the methods were compared to those identified using a force plate for both over-ground and treadmill running. The effect of using different threshold values for the(More)
This study developed an objective graphical classification method of spastic diplegic cerebral palsy (CP) gait patterns based on principal component analysis (PCA). Gait analyses of 20 healthy and 20 spastic diplegic CP children were examined to define gait characteristics. PCA was used to reduce the dimensionality of 27 parameters (26 selected kinematics(More)
Muscle weakness is a recognised problem in children with Cerebral Palsy (CP). Changes in the understanding of motor control, and progress in the treatment of spasticity, have led to a greater appreciation that spastic muscles are also weak. In recent years weakness has been identified in isolated muscle groups, but studies quantifying the degree and(More)
BACKGROUND The repeatability of the Oxford foot model has been reported, but possible variations in the repeatability during the foot roll over process have not been examined. The aim of this study was to determine the relative and absolute repeatability of the model for each stage of the foot roll over process during gait and to compare foot kinematic data(More)
Assessment of foot pathology during walking should form an integral part of the clinical evaluation of children. Simple observation and video recording have limitations and are not quantifiable. Three-dimensional analysis of foot motion during walking can provide invaluable information on the dynamic function of the foot and can contribute to clinical(More)
The aim of this study was to use a two-axis ankle joint model and an optimisation process (van den Bogert et al., 1994) to calculate and compare the talocrural and subtalar hinge axes for non-weight-bearing ankle motion, weight-bearing ankle motion, and walking in normal, healthy adult subjects and to see which of the first two sets of axes better fit the(More)
Cerebral palsy (CP) is a complex syndrome, with multiple interactions between joints and muscles. Abnormalities in movement patterns can be measured using motion capture techniques, however determining which abnormalities are primary, and which are secondary, is a difficult task. Deformity of the foot has anecdotally been reported to produce compensatory(More)
BACKGROUND Turning while walking is a crucial component of locomotion that is performed using an outside (step) or inside (spin) limb strategy. The aims of this paper were to determine how children with cerebral palsy perform turning maneuvers and if specific kinematic and kinetic adaptations occur compared to their typically developing peers. METHODS(More)
Children who exhibit gait deviations often present a range of bone deformities, particularly at the proximal femur. Altered gait may affect bone growth and lead to deformities by exerting abnormal stresses on the developing bones. The objective of this study was to calculate variations in the hip joint contact forces with different gait patterns. Muscle and(More)