Julie A. Spicer

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An aryl-substituted isobenzofuran-1(3H)-one lead compound was identified from a high throughput screen designed to find inhibitors of the lymphocyte pore-forming protein perforin. A series of analogs were then designed and prepared, exploring structure-activity relationships through variation of 2-thioxoimidazolidin-4-one and furan subunits on an(More)
A series of novel 5-arylidene-2-thioxoimidazolidin-4-ones were investigated as inhibitors of the lymphocyte-expressed pore-forming protein perforin. Structure-activity relationships were explored through variation of an isoindolinone or 3,4-dihydroisoquinolinone subunit on a fixed 2-thioxoimidazolidin-4-one/thiophene core. The ability of the resulting(More)
Merozoites of malaria parasites invade red blood cells (RBCs), where they multiply by schizogony, undergoing development through ring, trophozoite and schizont stages that are responsible for malaria pathogenesis. Here, we report that a protein kinase-mediated signalling pathway involving host RBC PAK1 and MEK1, which do not have orthologues in the(More)
Symmetrical dimers of lipophilic intercalating chromophores linked by cation-containing chains have recently been shown to have broad-spectrum in vivo anticancer activity. We report the preparation and evaluation of a series of both symmetric and unsymmetric dimers of a variety of intercalating chromophores of varied DNA binding strength, including(More)
A series of acridine-substituted bis(acridine-4-carboxamides) linked by a (CH2)3N(Me)(CH2)3 chain have been prepared by reaction of the isolated imidazolides of the substituted acridine-4-carboxylic acids with N,N-bis(3-aminopropyl)methylamine. These dimeric analogues of the mixed topoisomerase I/II inhibitor N-[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl]acridine-4-carboxamide(More)
Bis(9-methylphenazine-1-carboxamides) joined by a variety of dicationic (CH(2))(n)()NR(CH(2))(m)NR(CH(2))(n) linkers of varying length (carboxamide N-N distances from 11.0 to 18.4 A) and rigidity were prepared by reaction of 9-methylphenazine-1-carboxylic acid imidazolide with the appropriate polyamines. The compounds were evaluated for growth inhibitory(More)
The mixed topoisomerase I/II inhibitor N-[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl]acridine-4-carboxamide (DACA) is currently in clinical trial as an anticancer drug. A series of acridine-substituted analogues were prepared, using a new synthetic route to substituted acridine-4-carboxylic acids (conversion of substituted diphenylamine diacid monoesters to the corresponding(More)
Ring-substituted bis(phenazine-1-carboxamides), linked by a -(CH(2))(3)NMe(CH(2))(3)- chain, were prepared from the corresponding substituted phenazine-1-carboxylic acids by reaction of the intermediate imidazolides with bis(3-aminopropyl)methylamine. The compounds were evaluated for growth inhibitory activity in a panel of tumor cell lines, including P388(More)
A high throughput screen showed the ability of a 1-amino-2,4-dicyanopyrido[1,2-a]benzimidazole analogue to directly inhibit the lytic activity of the pore-forming protein perforin. A series of analogues were prepared to study structure-activity relationships (SAR) for the this activity, either directly added to cells or released in situ by KHYG-1 NK cells,(More)
Dihydrofuro[3,4-c]pyridinones are the first class of small molecules reported to inhibit the cytolytic effects of the lymphocyte toxin perforin. A lead structure was identified from a high throughput screen, and a series of analogues were designed and prepared to explore structure-activity relationships around the core bicyclic thioxofuropyridinone and(More)