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Numerous techniques are currently used to characterize biological mineralization in intact tissues and cell cultures; the von Kossa staining method, electron microscopic analysis (EM), X-ray diffraction, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) are among the most common. In this study, we utilized three of these methods to compare the(More)
Osteoblast phenotypic expression in monolayer culture depends on surface microtopography. Here we tested the hypothesis that mineralized bone nodule formation in response to osteotropic agents such as bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) and dexamethasone is also influenced by surface microtopography. Fetal rat calvarial (FRC) cells were cultured on Ti(More)
A technique is described, using a mobile radiographic x-ray unit, for determining the effective size of the input phosphor of an image intensifier (I.I.), in particular for a unit with over-table x-ray tube, under-table II, and with the I.I. physically inaccessible. The techniques described also enable (1) locating the central axis of the I.I.; (2) the(More)
Urothelial carcinoma (UC) rarely metastasizes to the gynecologic tract, occurring in descending order of frequency, within the vagina, uterus, ovaries, and cervix. Significant morphologic overlap exists between primary gynecologic squamous lesions (both benign and malignant) and metastatic UC, thus potentially hindering a timely and accurate diagnosis. We(More)
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