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CONTEXT There is inconsistent evidence that maternal 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25-(OH)D] deficiency may impair fetal growth. OBJECTIVE The objective of the study was to examine the relationship between maternal 25-(OH)D and PTH concentrations at less than 16 and 28 wk gestation and offspring birth size. DESIGN This was an observational study. SETTING The(More)
OBJECTIVE To calculate the expected increase in the number of fractures in adults attributable to the predicted increase in the number of elderly Australians. DATA SOURCES All fractures in adult residents (> or = 35 years) of the Barwon Statistical Division (total population, 218,000) were identified from radiological reports from February 1994 to(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess vitamin D intake and casual exposure to sunshine in relation to serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) levels. DESIGN Cross-sectional study of a population-based, random sample of women aged 20-92 years, assessed between 1994 and 1997. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS 861 women from the Barwon Statistical Division (population, 218000), which(More)
Many studies support a crucial role for oxidative & nitrosative stress (O&NS) in the pathophysiology of unipolar and bipolar depression. These disorders are characterized inter alia by lowered antioxidant defenses, including: lower levels of zinc, coenzyme Q10, vitamin E and glutathione; increased lipid peroxidation; damage to proteins, DNA and(More)
BACKGROUND Whereas several epidemiological studies suggest that low dietary intake of vitamins C and E is linked to increased hip fracture in smokers and antioxidants (dietary and endogenous) are reduced in elderly osteoporotic women, none has demonstrated an effect of supplemental antioxidants on bone turnover. METHODS In an observational study of 533(More)
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are a first-line treatment for depression. They have been reported to regulate serotonin signalling in bone cells and may influence bone metabolism. This study aimed to investigate the effect of SSRIs on bone mineral density (BMD) in a sample of women with a lifetime history of depression. In this(More)
BACKGROUND Inadequate sun exposure and dietary vitamin D intake can result in vitamin D insufficiency. However, limited data are available on actual vitamin D status and predictors in healthy individuals in different regions and by season. METHODS We compared vitamin D status [25-hydroxyvitamin D; 25(OH)D] in people < 60 years of age using data from(More)
The aim of this study was to determine if DNA polymorphism within runt-related gene 2 (RUNX2)/core binding factor A1 (CBFA1) is related to bone mineral density (BMD). RUNX2 contains a glutamine-alanine repeat where mutations causing cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD) have been observed. Two common variants were detected within the alanine repeat: an 18-bp(More)
Trabecular bone score (TBS) is a gray-level textural index of bone microarchitecture derived from lumbar spine dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) images. TBS is a bone mineral density (BMD)-independent predictor of fracture risk. The objective of this meta-analysis was to determine whether TBS predicted fracture risk independently of FRAX probability(More)