Julie A. Maguire

Learn More
It has been proposed that the inactivation of glucocorticoids by the enzyme 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11 beta HSD) is an obligatory step in the kidney, permitting binding of aldosterone to the mineralocorticoid receptor, and in the placenta, protecting the fetus from high circulating levels of maternal glucocorticoids. Both low and high affinity(More)
Spontaneously diabetic nonobese diabetic (NOD/Lt) mice were treated with anti-T-cell monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) at the time of grafting with vascularized segmental pancreas isografts. Recipients were either untreated or given anti-CD4 and/or anti-CD8 mAbs (0.5 mg/20-g mouse on each of 4 consecutive days), which reduced target cell levels to <5% of normal.(More)
Diabetes in NOD mice is an autoimmune disease similar to Type I diabetes in humans. Prior to hypoglycemia, changes in the islet infiltrate led to autoreactive T cell activation and destruction of the insulin-producing beta cells. If T cell activation can be inhibited before beta cell destruction is complete, islet cell rescue and regeneration can occur.(More)
Investigation into the contribution of the immune system and inflammatory cascade to acute rejection (AR) and cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) has implicated vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). The endomyocardial biopsy (EB) has proved invaluable in the diagnosis of AR, and in providing information concerning the biological processes occurring(More)
The profile of fibrogenic growth factor expression was assessed in biopsies from 27 patients with IgA nephropathy (IgAN), 14 focal and segmental glomerulsclerosis (FSGS) patients and 8 controls, by immunohistochemistry. Increased platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-A and PDGF-B expression was detected in glomeruli and in vascular structures and collapsed(More)
The enzyme 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type II (11 beta HSD2) confers specificity on the renal mineralocorticoid receptor by inactivating glucocorticoids. Mutations in this gene give rise to the syndrome of apparent mineralocorticoid excess, a congenital condition characterized by sodium retention, severe hypertension, and often by growth(More)
BACKGROUND The pathogenetic mechanisms responsible for progressive renal impairment of diabetic nephropathy are still poorly understood, despite its growing incidence. Increasing evidence suggests that growth factors may contribute to the initiation and progressive fibrosis of diabetic nephropathy. In this study, the gene expression and protein distribution(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Tubular atrophy is a major feature of most renal diseases and is closely associated with the loss of renal function. The present study sought to investigate whether Fas/FasL-induced tubular epithelial cell apoptosis was a feature of experimental diabetic nephropathy. The effects of renoprotective therapy with blockade of the(More)
Many groups have reported that preoperative injection of donor-derived whole spleen cells or major histocompatibility complex antigens prolongs organ allograft survival in experimental models, but the immunosuppressive mechanism(s) responsible remains unclear. A central, confounding issue is how to reconcile documentation of comparable levels of mRNA for(More)