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OBJECTIVE The reliability and validity of DSM-IV criteria and an alternative set of criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are assessed in infants and young children (younger than 4 years of age). METHOD This study was conducted in three phases. Phase 1 applied DSM-IV criteria for PTSD to 20 case reports of severely traumatized infants from the(More)
OBJECTIVE The primary purpose of this study was to compare the reliability of differing sets of criteria for attachment disorders by using a retrospective case review. METHOD Forty-eight consecutive clinical case summaries from an infant behavior clinic were reviewed by four experienced clinicians. Attachment disorders were coded as present or absent by(More)
OBJECTIVE To review the current research literature on resilience to maltreatment in childhood and adolescence. METHOD First, this paper addresses the methodological issues applicable to this area of research. Second, it reviews the empirical literature on the protective factors believed to contribute to resilience to maltreatment and offers commentary on(More)
OBJECTIVE To review critically the research on infant developmental risk published in the past 10 years. METHOD A brief framework on development in the first 3 years is provided. This is followed by a review of pertinent studies of developmental risk, chosen to illustrate major risk conditions and the protective factors known to affect infant development.(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effectiveness of an intervention designed to improve outcomes for infants and toddlers in foster care. METHOD Records were reviewed for all children who were adjudicated as in need of care in a specific parish in Louisiana between 1991 and 1998. This period included 4 years before and 4 years after a comprehensive intervention(More)
We have described a program that integrates clinical approaches of infant mental health to infants and toddlers in foster care. The juxtaposition of a mental health program in a forensic setting creates a number of special features that we have highlighted. Unique from the clinical perspective, the team is explicitly relationship-focused, attempting to(More)
The lack of clarity in diagnostic classification and the lack of specificity of assessment devices deter accurate identification of children with Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified (PDD--NOS). The current study was designed to assess the utility of the Personality Inventory for Children (PIC) and the Conners Parent Rating Scale(More)
Child maltreatment is associated with life-long social, physical, and mental health problems. Intervening early to provide maltreated children with safe, nurturing care can improve outcomes. The need for prompt decisions about permanent placement (i.e., regarding adoption or return home) is internationally recognised. However, a recent Glasgow audit showed(More)
This article describes models of training in infant mental health that utilize reflective supervision as a fundamental component of the educational and clinical experiences. The design and structure of these programs, offered by two medical centers, are described. Benefits and challenges to the adoption of infant mental health practice by trainees are(More)