Learn More
PURPOSE The Head and Neck Intergroup conducted a phase III randomized trial to test the benefit of adding chemotherapy to radiation in patients with unresectable squamous cell head and neck cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS Eligible patients were randomly assigned between arm A (the control), single daily fractionated radiation (70 Gy at 2 Gy/d); arm B,(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the use of resection and postoperative radiotherapy, high-risk squamous-cell carcinoma of the head and neck frequently recurs in the original tumor bed. We tested the hypothesis that concurrent postoperative administration of cisplatin and radiotherapy would improve the rate of local and regional control. METHODS Between September 9,(More)
The combination of cisplatin and 96-hour infusion of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) was evaluated in 30 patients with recurrent (local and regional) and disseminated histologically proven epidermoid cancer of the head and neck who failed surgery and radiotherapy. Cisplatin 100 mg/M2 intravenous (IV) bolus was given on day 1 with hydration and mannitol diuresis; 5-FU(More)
IMPORTANCE Patients with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma undergoing chemoradiotherapy may require percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube placement because of dehydration or significant weight loss. OBJECTIVES To determine the need for the reactive placement of a PEG tube during chemoradiotherapy for oropharyngeal cancer and to identify(More)
PURPOSE Previous analysis of this Intergroup trial demonstrated that with a median follow-up among surviving patients of 45.9 months, the concurrent postoperative administration of cisplatin and radiation therapy improved local-regional control and disease-free survival of patients who had high-risk resectable head-and-neck carcinomas. With a minimum of 10(More)
PURPOSE The Southwest Oncology Group (SWOG) conducted a randomized comparison of cisplatin plus fluorouracil (5-FU) and carboplatin plus 5-FU versus single-agent methotrexate (MTX) in patients with recurrent and metastatic squamous-cell carcinoma (SCC) of the head and neck. The primary objective was to compare separately the response rates of each(More)
Induction chemotherapy, followed by surgery and/or radiotherapy was utilized in patients with advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. During these trials, the authors observed that response to chemotherapy predicts further response to subsequent radiotherapy. This study was comprised of 57 patients with 60 separate neoplasms who demonstrated(More)
Sixty-one patients were treated with a three course induction regimen of 5-fluorouracil and cis-platinum for advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck area. Thirty-three patients (54 percent) had complete clinical remission with the administration of these drugs. Twenty-four patients (39 percent) showed a 50 percent or greater reduction in tumor(More)
One hundred ninety-one patients were treated by one of three cisplatin-containing multidrug protocols. The initial 77 patients received two courses of cisplatin and vincristine plus bleomycin. The next 26 patients received two courses of 5-fluorouracil and cisplatin, and the final 88 patients were placed on a three course 5-fluorouracil and cisplatin(More)
BACKGROUND Both the demographics and treatment of hormone-refractory prostate cancer (HRPC) are changing. Patients are younger and healthier, with fewer comorbidities. The "no treatment until symptoms" approach is disappearing. Chemotherapy is increasingly being utilized. METHODS The authors review the steps involved in hormone management before(More)