Learn More
Members of the transient receptor potential (TRP) family of nonselective cation channels are involved in several pathological and physiological conditions. The search for the molecular targets for naturally occurring substances, especially from plants, allowed the characterization of many TRP channels. In fact, attempts to understand the hot and painful(More)
TRPA1 is a member of the transient receptor potential (TRP) channel family present in sensory neurons. Here we show that vanilloid receptor (TRPV1) stimulation with capsaicin and activation of TRPA1 with allyl isothiocyanate or cinnamaldehyde cause a graded contraction of the rat urinary bladder in vitro. Repeated applications of maximal concentrations of(More)
1. The vanilloid receptor (TRPV1) is viewed as a molecular integrator of several nociceptive stimuli. In the present study, we have investigated the role played by TRPV1 in the nociceptive response induced by the peripheral activation of kinin B(2) receptor in mice. 2. The intraplantar (i.pl.) administration of bradykinin (BK) and the selective B(2) agonist(More)
Kinins are a family of peptides implicated in several pathophysiological events. Most of their effects are likely mediated by the activation of two G-protein-coupled receptors: B(1) and B(2). Whereas B(2) receptors are constitutive entities, B(1) receptors behave as key inducible molecules that may be upregulated under some special circumstances. In this(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of myricitrin, a flavonoid with anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive action, upon persistent neuropathic and inflammatory pain. The neuropathic pain was caused by a partial ligation (2/3) of the sciatic nerve and the inflammatory pain was induced by an intraplantar (i.pl.) injection of 20 microL(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a devastating disease that commonly causes persistent mental disturbances and cognitive deficits. Although studies have indicated that overproduction of free radicals, especially superoxide (O2(-)) derived from nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase is a common underlying mechanism of pathophysiology of(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Glutaric aciduria type I (GA-I) is characterized by accumulation of glutaric acid (GA) and neurological symptoms, such as cognitive impairment. Although this disease is related to oxidative stress and inflammation, it is not known whether these processes facilitate the memory impairment. Our objective was to investigate the performance(More)
Chronic treatment with classical neuroleptics in humans can produce a serious side effect, known as tardive dyskinesia (TD). Here, we examined the effects of V. officinalis, a medicinal herb widely used as calming and sleep-promoting, in an animal model of orofacial dyskinesia (OD) induced by long-term treatment with haloperidol. Adult male rats were(More)
Chronic treatment with neuroleptics causes, as a side effect, tardive dyskinesia in humans; however, the mechanisms involved in its pathophysiology remain unclear. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of diphenyl diselenide, an organoselenium compound with antioxidant properties, in an animal model of vacuous chewing movements (VCMs) induced(More)
Experiments were designed to address whether the pentacyclic triterpene tormentic acid isolated from the stem bark of the plant Vochysia divergens exerts oral anti-allodynic properties in two models of chronic pain in mice: neuropathic pain caused by partial ligation of the sciatic nerve and inflammatory pain produced by intraplantar injection of Complete(More)