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We have recently demonstrated that rodents treated intranasally with 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) suffered impairments in olfactory, cognitive and motor functions associated with time-dependent disruption of dopaminergic neurotransmission in different brain structures conceivably analogous to those observed during different stages of(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of myricitrin, a flavonoid with anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive action, upon persistent neuropathic and inflammatory pain. The neuropathic pain was caused by a partial ligation (2/3) of the sciatic nerve and the inflammatory pain was induced by an intraplantar (i.pl.) injection of 20 microL(More)
1. The vanilloid receptor (TRPV1) is viewed as a molecular integrator of several nociceptive stimuli. In the present study, we have investigated the role played by TRPV1 in the nociceptive response induced by the peripheral activation of kinin B(2) receptor in mice. 2. The intraplantar (i.pl.) administration of bradykinin (BK) and the selective B(2) agonist(More)
Chronic treatment with classical neuroleptics in humans can produce a serious side effect, known as tardive dyskinesia (TD). Here, we examined the effects of V. officinalis, a medicinal herb widely used as calming and sleep-promoting, in an animal model of orofacial dyskinesia (OD) induced by long-term treatment with haloperidol. Adult male rats were(More)
RATIONALE Chronic treatment with neuroleptics causes, as a side effect, tardive dyskinesia in humans; however, the mechanisms involved in its pathophysiology remain unclear. OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of diphenyl diselenide, an organoselenium compound with antioxidant properties, in an animal model of vacuous chewing(More)
The transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) receptor is relevant to the perception of noxious information and has been studied as a therapeutic target for the development of new analgesics. The goal of this study was to perform in vivo and in vitro screens to identify novel, efficacious, and safe TRPV1 antagonists isolated from leaves of the(More)
Allosteric modulation of G-protein-coupled receptors represents a key goal of current pharmacology. In particular, endogenous allosteric modulators might represent important targets of interventions aimed at maximizing therapeutic efficacy and reducing side effects of drugs. Here we show that the anti-inflammatory lipid lipoxin A(4) is an endogenous(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Lavandula angustifolia (lavender) inhalation has been used in folk medicine for the treatment of anxiety, and clinical and animal studies have corroborated its anxiolytic effect, although its mechanism of action is still not fully understood. AIMS OF THE STUDY The objective of the present study was to determine whether the(More)
Garcinia gardneriana (Planch. & Triana) Zappi (Clusiaceae) is widely distributed in Brazil and used in folk medicine to treat inflammation, pain, and urinary tract and other infections. However, very few studies have analyzed these therapeutic effects. In this study, the anti-inflammatory effects of the hydroalcoholic extracts from Garcinia gardneriana(More)
TRPA1 is a member of the transient receptor potential (TRP) channel family present in sensory neurons. Here we show that vanilloid receptor (TRPV1) stimulation with capsaicin and activation of TRPA1 with allyl isothiocyanate or cinnamaldehyde cause a graded contraction of the rat urinary bladder in vitro. Repeated applications of maximal concentrations of(More)