Julianne M Gibbs

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Second harmonic generation (SHG) is used to study oligonucleotides at aqueous/solid interfaces for the first time. Detailed thermodynamic state information for interfacial DNA single strands, namely, the interfacial charge density, the interfacial potential, and the change in the interfacial energy density, is obtained. The phosphate groups on the DNA(More)
We present a rational approach for assembling diverse bioactive agents, such as DNA, proteins, and drug molecules, into core-shell multifunctional polymeric nanoparticles (PNPs) that can be internalized in human breast cancer cells. Using ring-opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP), block copolymers containing small-molecule drug segments (>50% w/w) and(More)
The syntheses of several norbornene block copolymers containing oligonucleotide and ferrocenyl side chains and their use in the electrochemical detection of DNA are described. Two kinds of DNA-containing block copolymers with either ferrocenyl or dibromoferrocenyl groups were prepared via ring-opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP). Based on these two(More)
A model is developed to interpret changes in limb volume measured during venous occlusion plethysmography. The parameters of the model are chosen to represent, as closely as possible, physiological variables related to blood flow within the limb. These parameters are shown to be related to various parameters derived by other investigators for interpreting(More)
A series of (salen)tin(II) and (salen)tin(IV) complexes was synthesized. The (salen)tin(IV) complexes, (salen)SnX(2) (X = Br and I), were prepared in good yields via the direct oxidation reaction of (salen)tin(II) complexes with Br(2) or I(2). (Salen)SnX(2) successfully underwent the anion-exchange reaction with AgOTf (OTf = trifluoromethanesulfonate) to(More)
An associative equilibrium theory describing the sharp melting behavior of polymer-DNA hybrids is developed. The theory considers linear polymers with attached DNAs on each polymer that serve as "stickers" and with a two-state model governing the DNA melting equilibrium. For three or more oligonucleotides on each polymer, solutions of polymer-DNA hybrids(More)
Specific ion effects (SIEs) are known to influence the acid/base behavior of silica and the interfacial structure of water, yet evidence of the effect of pH on SIEs is lacking. Here broadband vibrational sum frequency generation (SFG) spectroscopy was used to study SIEs on the water structure at the electrical double layer (EDL) of silica as a function of(More)
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