Learn More
Membrane vesicles from rat cerebral cortex were prepared and the functional response of the GABAA receptor was followed by monitoring GABA-activated influx of the radiotracer 36Cl- ion. CuCl2 decreased GABA-activated 36Cl- influx into synaptosomal membrane vesicles. The effect of Cu2+ was concentration dependent (5-500 microM CuCl2) and occurred with(More)
Emerging evidence suggests that mitochondrial dysfunction contributes to the pathophysiology of epilepsy. Recurrent mitochondrial Ca2+ ion load during seizures might act on mitochondrial membrane potential (DeltaPsim) and proton motive force. By using electrophysiology and confocal laser-scanning microscopy, we investigated the effects of epileptiform(More)
Several lines of evidence indicate that augmented neuronal activity is associated with increased mitochondrial function, however, the mechanisms of coupling are still unclear. In this study we used a low extracellular Mg2+ concentration and short stimulus trains to evoke neuronal hyperactivity in the form of seizure-like events (SLE) in hippocampal slice(More)
Glutamate and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) transporters play important roles in balancing excitatory and inhibitory signals in the brain. Increasing evidence suggest that they may act concertedly to regulate extracellular levels of the neurotransmitters. Here we present evidence that glutamate uptake-induced release of GABA from astrocytes has a direct impact(More)
Generation of free radicals may have a key role in the nerve cell damage induced by prolonged or frequently recurring convulsions (status epilepticus). Mitochondrial function may also be altered due to production of free radicals during seizures. We therefore studied changes in field potentials (fp) together with measurements of extracellular,(More)
Ambient level of gamma -aminobutyric acid (GABA), the major inhibitory neurotransmitter of the brain is mediated by neuronal and glial GABA transporters (GATs), members of the sodium and chloride ion-dependent solute carrier family. The neuronal GABA transporter subtype (GAT-1) has already been proven to be the target for the antiepileptic drug Tiagabine.(More)
Here we investigate the temporal properties of recurrent seizure-like events (SLEs) in a low-[Mg(2+)] model of experimental epilepsy. Simultaneous intra- and extracellular electric signals were recorded in the CA3 region of rat hippocampal slices whereby cytosolic [Ca(2+)] transients were imaged by fluorescence detection. Recurrence pattern analysis was(More)
The agonist, [3H](-)[S]-1-(2-amino-2-carboxyethyl)-5-fluoro-pyrimidine-2,4-dione ([3H](S)F-Willardiine) binding to functional alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionic acid (AMPA) receptors of resealed plasma membrane vesicles and nerve endings freshly isolated from the rat cerebral cortex displayed two binding sites (K(D1)=33+/-7 nM,(More)
We have evaluated the effect of the brain penetrating GABAb antagonist, CGP 36742 on GABAb receptors using in vivo microdialysis in the ventrobasal thalamus of freely moving rat. When a solution of 1 mM CGP 36742 in ACSF was dialyzed into the ventrobasal thalamus, 2-3-fold increases of extracellular Glu, Asp and Gly running parallel with significant(More)