Julianna Kardos

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Membrane vesicles from rat cerebral cortex were prepared and the functional response of the GABAA receptor was followed by monitoring GABA-activated influx of the radiotracer 36Cl- ion. CuCl2 decreased GABA-activated 36Cl- influx into synaptosomal membrane vesicles. The effect of Cu2+ was concentration dependent (5-500 microM CuCl2) and occurred with(More)
Glutamate and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) transporters play important roles in balancing excitatory and inhibitory signals in the brain. Increasing evidence suggest that they may act concertedly to regulate extracellular levels of the neurotransmitters. Here we present evidence that glutamate uptake-induced release of GABA from astrocytes has a direct impact(More)
High-frequency field potential activity between 50 and 400 Hz occurs throughout seizure-like events recorded from the CA3 region of juvenile rat hippocampal slices under low-[Mg(2+)] condition. Another (400-800 Hz) component occurred mainly during preictal paroxysmal spiking and the onsets of seizure-like events (97%) and less frequently during tonic and(More)
Emerging evidence suggests that mitochondrial dysfunction contributes to the pathophysiology of epilepsy. Recurrent mitochondrial Ca2+ ion load during seizures might act on mitochondrial membrane potential (DeltaPsim) and proton motive force. By using electrophysiology and confocal laser-scanning microscopy, we investigated the effects of epileptiform(More)
Several lines of evidence indicate that augmented neuronal activity is associated with increased mitochondrial function, however, the mechanisms of coupling are still unclear. In this study we used a low extracellular Mg2+ concentration and short stimulus trains to evoke neuronal hyperactivity in the form of seizure-like events (SLE) in hippocampal slice(More)
BACKGROUND Glutamate (Glu) and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) transporters play important roles in regulating neuronal activity. Glu is removed from the extracellular space dominantly by glial transporters. In contrast, GABA is mainly taken up by neurons. However, the glial GABA transporter subtypes share their localization with the Glu transporters and(More)
In this article I throw attention on to this GABA issue by outlining several aspects of current interest in the field of GABA research. The theme was selected in association with the Pharmacology and Therapeutical Potential of the GABA System symposium of the Second European Congress of Pharmacology held in July 1999 in Budapest, Hungary. A wide range of(More)
Ambient level of gamma -aminobutyric acid (GABA), the major inhibitory neurotransmitter of the brain is mediated by neuronal and glial GABA transporters (GATs), members of the sodium and chloride ion-dependent solute carrier family. The neuronal GABA transporter subtype (GAT-1) has already been proven to be the target for the antiepileptic drug Tiagabine.(More)
Generation of free radicals may have a key role in the nerve cell damage induced by prolonged or frequently recurring convulsions (status epilepticus). Mitochondrial function may also be altered due to production of free radicals during seizures. We therefore studied changes in field potentials (fp) together with measurements of extracellular,(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) modulates synaptic transmission, and its level is elevated during epileptic activity in animal models of epilepsy. However, the role of NO for development and maintenance of epileptic activity is controversial. We studied this aspect in rat organotypic hippocampal slice cultures and acute hippocampal-entorhinal cortex slices from wild-type(More)