Learn More
For Deinococcus radiodurans and other bacteria which are extremely resistant to ionizing radiation, ultraviolet radiation, and desiccation, a mechanistic link exists between resistance, manganese accumulation, and protein protection. We show that ultrafiltered, protein-free preparations of D. radiodurans cell extracts prevent protein oxidation at massive(More)
Because increasing evidence indicates that glial cells are a target of endothelin, we have characterized endothelin-induced phosphoinositide (PI) turnover and Ca2+ homeostasis in C6 glioma cells. Endothelin-1 (ET) increased formation of 3H-inositol phosphate (IP) from PI and elicited an increase in cytosolic free Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) in rat C6 glioma. In the(More)
Increased exudation of plasma proteins, as measured by Evans blue leakage into the innervated paw, was produced by antidromic stimulation of the saphenous nerve in the pentobarbital-anesthetized rat. This condition, termed neurogenic plasma extravasation (NPE), was inhibited by morphine, FK 33,824 (a stabilized enkephalin analog), dynorphin (1-13),(More)
The neuronal cell line ND8-47 (neuroblastoma x dorsal root ganglion neuron hybrid) expressed opioid delta-type receptors. We report opioid-induced changes in cytosolic intracellular free calcium ([Ca++]i) in differentiated ND8-47 cells. Delta-opioid receptor agonists induced a transient (< 2 min) increase in [Ca++]i in a concentration-dependent fashion with(More)
Wounding following whole-body γ-irradiation (radiation combined injury, RCI) increases mortality. Wounding-induced increases in radiation mortality are triggered by sustained activation of inducible nitric oxide synthase pathways, persistent alteration of cytokine homeostasis, and increased susceptibility to bacterial infection. Among these factors,(More)
Radiation combined injury (CI) is a radiation injury (RI) combined with other types of injury, which generally leads to greater mortality than RI alone. A spectrum of specific, time-dependent pathophysiological changes is associated with CI. Of these changes, the massive release of pro-inflammatory cytokines, severe hematopoietic and gastrointestinal losses(More)
Severe hematopoietic loss is one of the major therapeutic targets after radiation-combined injury (CI), a kind of injury resulting from radiation exposure combined with other traumas. In this study, we tested the use of ciprofloxacin (CIP) as a treatment, because of recently reported immunomodulatory effects against CI that may improve hematopoiesis. The(More)
Exposure to ionizing radiation alone (radiation injury, RI) or combined with traumatic tissue injury (radiation combined injury, CI) is a crucial life-threatening factor in nuclear and radiological accidents. As demonstrated in animal models, CI results in greater mortality than RI. In our laboratory, we found that B6D2F1/J female mice exposed to(More)
Our previous research demonstrated that one subcutaneous injection of 17-Dimethylaminoethylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin (17-DMAG) 24 hours (h) before irradiation (8.75 Gy) increased mouse survival by 75%. However, the protective mechanism of 17-DMAG is currently unknown. The present study aimed to investigate whether oral administration of 17-DMAG was(More)
Acute bacterial inflammation is accompanied by excessive release of bacterial toxins and production of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (ROS and RNS), which ultimately results in redox stress. These factors can induce damage to components of tissue barriers, including damage to ubiquitous mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs), and thus can exacerbate the(More)