Juliann G Kiang

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For Deinococcus radiodurans and other bacteria which are extremely resistant to ionizing radiation, ultraviolet radiation, and desiccation, a mechanistic link exists between resistance, manganese accumulation, and protein protection. We show that ultrafiltered, protein-free preparations of D. radiodurans cell extracts prevent protein oxidation at massive(More)
Heat shock proteins (HSPs) are detected in all cells, prokaryotic and eukaryotic. In vivo and in vitro studies have shown that various stressors transiently increase production of HSPs as protection against harmful insults. Increased levels of HSPs occur after environmental stresses, infection, normal physiological processes, and gene transfer. Although the(More)
The family of 70-kDa heat-shock proteins (HSP-70) is evolutionarily highly conserved and has been shown to enhance cell survival from thermal injury. This study characterized HSP-72 induction in human epidermoid A-431 cells exposed to 45 degrees C for 10 min and determined the relationship between HSP-72, intracellular pH (pHi), adenosine 3',5'-cyclic(More)
Abstract Although it is documented that concurrent wounding increases mortality from radiation injury, the molecular mechanism of combined injury is unknown. In this study, mice were exposed to gamma radiation followed by skin wounding. Wound trauma exacerbated radiation-induced mortality, reducing the LD(50/30) from 9.65 Gy to 8.95 Gy. Analyses of(More)
This laboratory reported previously that overexpressed heat shock protein 70 kDa (HSP-70) inhibited the activation of its transcriptional factor, HSF1. We had conducted experiments to understand the mechanisms whereby HSP-70 down-regulated the activation of HSF1. Genetically overexpressed HSP-70 had no effects on the HSF1 level in cytosol, but significantly(More)
TRH increases cytosolic-free calcium ([Ca2+]i) by activating phospholipase C(PL-C), which induces phosphoinositol hydrolysis, leading to Ca2+ mobilization from inositol trisphosphate (IP3) sensitive stores, and by increasing Ca2+ influx. Increases in [Ca2+]i stimulate PRL secretion. We investigated the effects of U-73122, an aminosteroid inhibitor of PL-C(More)
This study characterized the cytosolic free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) in NaCN-treated human A-431 cells. The resting [Ca2+]i was 85 +/- 8 nM (n = 141) in untreated cells at 37 degrees C, determined with the fura-2 fluorescence probe. When cells were treated with NaCN, [Ca2+]i increased in a time- and NaCN concentration-dependent manner. When cells were(More)
BACKGROUND It is known that heat shock increases both heat shock protein 70 kd (HSP-70) mRNA synthesis, and intracellular cytosolic free calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i). The latter enhances the heat inducible form of HSP-70 production by increasing the complex formation between heat shock transcriptional factor (HSF) and heat shock elements (HSE). In this(More)
Inducible head shock protein 70 kD (HSP-70i) has been shown to protect cells, tissues, and organs from harmful assaults in vivo and in vitro experimental models. Hemorrhagic shock followed by resuscitation is the principal cause of death among trauma patients and soldiers in the battlefield. Although the underlying mechanisms are still not fully understood,(More)
Hemorrhage in mice results in decreased ATP levels in the jejunum, lung, kidney, heart, and brain but not in liver tissue lysates, albeit at variable levels and time kinetics. The decreased protein expression and activity of pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) accounted for the hemorrhage-induced ATP loss. Treatment with geldanamycin (GA; 1 microg/g body wt), a(More)